St. Louis Class
During the next two months, she kept busy escorting combat and auxiliary ships engaged in the ongoing struggle to hold Guadalcanal.
After providing distant support during the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands in late October, she was employed closer to Guadalcanal. On 30 October, she used her five-inch guns to bombard Japanese positions Guadalcanal and nearly two weeks later, on 11-12 November, her guns helped fight off enemy planes attacking U.S. transports and supply ships nearby.
In an action known as the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, American and Japanese warships engaged each other in Iron Bottom Sound off Guadalcanal. During the battle, Atlanta was illuminated by searchlight from the Japanese destroyer Akatsuki, was torpedo by either Inazuma or Ikazuchi. In addition, this cruiser was also hit by gunfire from other enemy and friendly ships and suffered heavy casualties and was almost completely disabled.
During the daylight hours of November 13, 1942 her crew worked to save the ship, but the damage was too extensive. The captain ordered her scuttled and the remaining crew were rescued. Atlanta sank at 8:15 roughly three miles west of Lunga Point into the open sea with a 400' bottom. Officially, she was struck from the Navy register on January 13, 1943.
During 1991-1992, during an expedition led by Dr. Robert Ballard, the shipwreck of the Atlanta was briefly examined by a remotely operated vehicle (ROV). The footage was used in the National Geographic: The Lost Fleet of Guadalcanal documentary that aired during 1993.
In November 1995, the Atlanta was first dived by Kevin Denlay and Terrence Tysall and then thoroughly explored in detail on several dedicated expeditions led by them during the following years.
During May 2011, a team of six divers from G.U.E., with the object of gathering HD video footage for a TV documentary, made six dives on the shipwreck using rebreathers with local operator Neil Yates / Tulagi Dive.