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Sydney Airfield is located in Mascot southeast of Sydney bordering Botany Bay in New South Wales in Australia. Also known as Mascot Airfield because it was located in the suburb of Mascot. Today known as Sydney Airport or Kingsford Smith Airport.
Prior to construction, the airfield area was a paddock used to graze sheep and cattle. During the early 1920s, Nigel Love, a former WWI pilot, leased 200 acres from the Kensington Race Club to established a private airfield with a canvas structure, later an imported Richards hangar. The first flight was November 19, 1919 when an Avro took off piloted by Nigel Love with passenger Billy Marshall. The first official flight was on January 9, 1920 by Love.
Officially declared an aerodrome during 1920, known as "Sydney Airport". Yet, most Australians and Sydney residents continued to call the airfield "Mascot" for the nearby suburb. During 1921, the Commonwealth Government purchased 161 acres to build a public airfield. The first regular flights began in 1924. During 1933 the first gravel surfaced runway was built.
By the 1960s the need for a new international terminal had become apparent, and work commenced in late 1966. The new terminal was officially opened on May 3, 1970, by Queen Elizabeth II. The first Boeing 74 to serve the airport was the Pan American 'Clipper Flying Cloud' (N734PA) that landed on October 4, 1970.
In the 1970s the north-south runway was expanded to become one of the longest runways in the southern hemisphere. The international terminal was expanded in 1992 and has undergone several refurbishments since then. Today, the airport has three runways: east–west", "north–south" and "third".
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