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42nd BG 1944
Lat 1° 8' 60N Long 124° 49' 60E Langoan Airfield was located at Langoan on the northeastern tip of Celebes Island (Sulawesi). Also known as Menado II or Langowan Airfield. Prewar and during the Pacific War located in the Netherlands East Indies (NEI). Today located in North Maluku Province in Indonesia.
Built prewar by the Dutch as a single runway.
During January 1942, the area between Kalkas (Kakas) to Langoan was defended by the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army (KNIL) "Tactical Command Kakas" under the command of Captain W. C. van den Berg. Langoan Airfield was defended by the 41 brigade with 15-18 men each under the command of 1st Lieutenant J. G. Wielinga and reinforced by armored cars (overvalwagens) commanded by Sergeant-Major H. J. Robbemond.
On January 11, 1942 Japanese paratroopers from the the 1st Yokosuka Special Naval Landing Force (SNLF) departed Davao and at 9:00am the 1st drop group jumped over Langoan including the 1st company whose objective was to capture Langoan Airfield and 2nd company tasked with capturing Kalkas (Kakas). On June 12, 1942 the 2nd drop group including the 3rd company jumped over Langoan Airfield as reinforcements.
During the battle, the paratroopers managed to capture Langoan Airfield but suffered heavy casualties. The remaining Dutch including Captain van den Berg withdrew inland to initiate guerrilla warfare. A large number of Dutch surrendered and became Prisoners Of War (POW). Many were executed by the Japanese as retribution for the casualties suffered during the battle.
Beginning in January 1942, Langoan Airfield was used by the Japanese. Attacked by American aircraft starting on January 17, 1942 until June 28, 1945. Occupied by the Japanese for the duration of the Pacific War until the official surrender of Japan in September 1945.
American missions against Langoan
January 17, 1942–June 28, 1945
Disused since the war.
Index to Air Bases - Research Report No. 85, I.G. No 9185 - July 30, 1944 Langoan (Menado II)
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