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Google Earth 2018
Lat 35° 27' 17N Long 139° 27' 1E Atsugi Airfield is located at an elevation of 205' above sea level to the east of Atsugi in Kanagawa Prefecture in the Kantō Region on Honshū in Japan. To the northeast roughly twenty miles away is Tokyo. Today known as Naval Air Facility Atsugi (NAF Atsugi).
Built prewar as a military airfield with a single 5,000' runway with a parallel taxiway.
During the Pacific War, used by the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) fighters and bombers. During 1944-1945 Atsugi was an important airfield in the defense of the Tokyo area.
Japanese units based at Atusgi
203 Kokutai (A6M5 Zero)
302 Kokutai / Yokosuka Kokutai (J1N1 Irving, J2M3 Jack, N1K2, A6M5 Zero)
American missions against Atsugi
April 19, 1945–August 30, 1945
By late August 1945, many Japanese aircraft were derelict or abandoned at Atsugi Airfield. In accordance with the terms of surrender, the propellers were removed from all aircraft to prevent any flying.
On August 30, 1945 at 6:00am C-54 Skymasters transporting the U. S. Army 11th Airborne Division led by General Joseph M. Swing (C. O.) landed at Atsugi Airfield to secure the airfield area and a perimeter of three miles and to occupy Yokohama. Meanwhile, the U. S. Marines landed at Yokosuka beginning the American occupation of Japan.
During September 1945 occupied by the U. S. Army 7th Squadron Communications, and the 11th Airborne Division. Days after surrender, the three squadrons of the 49th FG in P-38s arrived at the airfield. Later, the U. S. Navy also used the base.
Lt. General Robert L. Eichelberger landed at Atsugi on September 10, 1945:
[After landing at Atsugi Airbase] "This is the beachhead where I was supposed to land. General MacArthur gave me this area. I never expected to reach it in a plane without a shot being fired at me."
Still in use today as Naval Air Facility Atsugi (NAF Atsugi) as a military airfield used by the U. S. Navy (USN). The single runway is oriented 19/01 measures 8,000 x 150' surfaced with concrete. Airport codes: ICAO: RJTA IATA: NJA.
Airfields in the Japanese Empire, Office of Assistant Chief of Air Staff, Intelligence. July 1945
CNIC Naval Air Facility Atsugi official website
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