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    Komaki Airfield (Kamake, Nagoya Airport) Aichi Prefecture | Honshū Japan
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USAAF Nov 23, 1944

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Google Earth Jan 11, 2018
Location
Lat 35° 15' 18N 136° 55' 28E  Komaki Airfield is located at an elevation of 52' above sea level to the south of Komaki in Aichi Prefecture in the Tōkai subregion of the Chūbu Region of central Honshū in Japan. To the north is the Oyama River (Oyama Gawa). To the south is the Shonai River (Shonai Gawa) and beyond Nagoya. Known as Komaki Airfield or spelled Kamake Airfield. Postwar, known as Nagoya Air Base (Nagoya AB). Toda known as "Nagoya Airport" or "Prefectural Nagoya Airport".

Construction
Built during 1944 by the Japanese Army as as a single runway.

Wartime History
Used by the Japanese Army Air Force (JAAF) as a military airfield for the defense of the Nagoya area. Units based at Komaki included the 55th Sentai operating the Type 3 Fighter Hein / Ki-61 Tony.

Japanese units based at Komaki Airfield (Kamake)
55th Sentai (Ki-61)

On January 3, 1945 Ki-61 Tonys from Komaki Airfield took off with other Army and Navy fighters to intercept a formation of 97 B-29 Superfortresses on a bombing mission (Mission 17) against Nagoya and claim five B-29s shot down. During July 1945, P-51D Mustangs attacked Komaki Airfield claiming aircraft in the air and on the ground.

American missions against Komaki Airfield
January 3, 1945–July 20, 1945

Postwar
After the surrender of Japan, Komaki Airfield was occupied by U. S. forces and became known as Nagoya Air Base (Nagoya AB). The Americans began by repairing the airfield and installations for use as a headquarters and military airfield.

During May 1946, the Nagoya Air Base became home to Fifth Air Force (5th AF) Headquarters that controlled the U. S. Army Air Force (USAAF) and later U. S. Air Force (USAF) units stationed in Japan. In December 1950 during the Korean War, the Headquarters moved to South Korea. In September 1954, it returned to Nagoya Air Base and remained until July 1957 when moved to Fuchu Air Station west of Tokyo.

Operational use from the airfield began in February 1947 when the 347th Fighter Group (All Weather) began operating P-61 Black Widow interceptor aircraft, which were used to provide air defense for Japan. It operated from the airfield until June 1950 when the Black Widows were retired and the unit was inactivated.

At the end of the Korean War, the 49th Fighter Group (49th FG) with F-84 Thunderjets moved to Nagoya Air Base and provided air defense until June 1957 when it moved to Misawa Air Base.

In 1946, 6110th Air Base Group arrived to maintain the airfield and support operations until July 1957 when it began phasing out the American presence.

Starting in 1957, the U. S. began turning Nagoya Airfield over to the Japanese. The last U. S. installation at the airfield was the 6110th USAF Hospital that closed on June 30, 1958. Afterwards, returned to Japanese control and became known as Nagoya Airfield.

Today
Still in use today as Nagoya Airport as a dual civilian and military airport serving the area Nagoya. The Japan Self-Defense Forces shares the runway and their part of the airfield is known as Japan Air Self-Defence Force Komaki Base (JASDF Komaki Base). The single runway is oriented 34/16 measures 8,990' x 150' surfaced with asphalt. Airport Codes: ICAO: RJNA IATA: NKM. On February 17, 2005 Chubu Centrair International Airport opened and is used for most civilian and cargo flights to the Nagoya area.

Nagoya Airport Aerospace Museum (Aichi Museum of Flight)

Present day airport with aviation museum

References
NARA U. S. Strategic Bombing Survey (Pacific) Joint Target Group, Air Target Intelligence and Anaysis by areas, Japanese War page 125 (Takaki Factory, Nagoya Arsenal Komaki Japan)

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Last Updated
July 17, 2020

 

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