San Marcelino Airfield was located at San
Marcelino due west of Clark
Field on Luzon. Also known as San Marcelino Field.
Built prior to the Pacific War by the U. S. Army, it was still under construction at the start of the Pacific War.
During December 1941, used by the U. S. Army Air Force for the defense of the Philippines. On December 9, 1941 San Marcelino Airfield was described as a new airfield with a single runway 4,000' long by 200' wide surfaced with sandy soil and lacked a control tower, landing lights or other facilities. During that evening, B-17 Flying Fortresses from the 7th Bombardment Group, 14th Bombardment Squadron departed Clark Field to land at San Marcelino Airfield to disperse them. While landing, Filipino soldiers on the ground mistakenly fired on the bombers.
American units based at San Marcelino (1941-1942)
(ground echelon) ? - December 25, 1941 Cabcaben
During January 1945, elements of the 38th Division
immediately dashed inland to take the San Marcelino airstrip,
but found that Filipino guerrillas under the command of Capt.
Ramon Magsaysay, later president of the Republic of the Philippines,
had secured the field three days earlier. Designated U. S. Army APO 73.
American units Based at San Marcelino (1945)
348th FG, HQ, 340th FS (P-47s) Tanauan February 4, 1945 - ?
348th FG, 342nd FS (P-47, P-51) Tanauan February 6, 1945 - ?
348th FG, 341nd FS (P-47s) Tanauan February 7, 1945 - ?
348th FG, 460th FS (P-47) Tanauan February 6, 1945 - ?
309th Bombardment Wing HQ Owi February 8, 1945 - ?
Night Fighter Squadron Tacloban Feb 8 - April 26, 45 Clark Field
86th Fighter Wing (P-38, P-61) Tacloban Feb 8 - May 1, 45 Lingayen
345th BG, 498th, 499th, 501st BS (B-25) Tacloban Feb 12, 45 - ?
345th BG, 500th BS (B-25) Tacloban Feb 12, 45 - May 10, 45 Clark Field
345th BG, 499th BS (B-25) ? - May 12, 1945 Clark Field
345th BG, 501st BS (B-25) ? - May 12, 1945 Clark Field
345th BG, HQ Tacloban Feb 13, 45 - ?
Fortress Against The Sun page 63, 401 (footnotes 12-13)
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November 18, 2018