Lat 21.443611°N Long 157.748889°W Located on the Mokapu peninsula at Kaneohe (Kāneʻohe) bordering Kaneohe Bay (Kāneʻohe Bay) on the northeastern coast of Oahu. Also known as NAS Kaneohe Bay.
During 1939, the U. S. Navy constructed a small seaplane base at this location. Naval Air Station Kaneohe Bay was used as a seaplane base including the administration of the Kaneohe Bay Naval Defense Sea Area.
On December 7, 1941 Kaneohe was attacked by Japanese aircraft from the first wavy including B5N Kate torpedo bombers that targeted the airfield and facilities, approximately nine minutes prior to the attack on Pearl Harbor. During the attack, 27 of the 36 PBY Catalinas at Kaneohe were destroyed and an additional six were damaged including PBY 2357, PBY 2359, PBY 2361, PBY 2362, PBY 2363 (sunk but later salvaged and rebuilt), PBY 2364, PBY 2365 and PBY 2369. On the ground, eighteen sailors were killed in the attack.
Starting on December 25, 1941 two plane detachments from Kaneohe began flying patrols to Palmyra protect the route as an important aerial ferry route.
During the duration of the war, Kaneohe was
an important base for training operations for Navy and Army aircraft. On January 26, 1943 P-40E Warhawks from the 73rd Fighter Squadron, 318th Fighter Group, escorted by three LB-30s fly from Midway to Kaneohe, a distance of roughly 1,100
On February 6, 1945, Chief of Naval Operations directed that, following a period
of training at NAS Kaneohe Bay, VPB 109, VPB 123, and VPB 124 of Fleet Air
Wing 2 be equipped to employ the SWOD Mark 9, Bat, glide bomb in combat.
USN units based at Kaneohe
Patrol Wing 1 ? September 19, 1942 South Pacific
318th FG, 73rd FS (P-40E) Midway January 26, 1943 - May 5, 1943
VP-137 (PV-1) Ford Island August 9, 1944 - October 15, 1944 Mokerang
During 1951, the Marine Corps assumed command of the installation when they moved from NAS Barbers Point to this location and the base was commissioned as Marine Corps Air Station Kaneohe Bay .
In 1994, renamed Marine Corps Base Hawaii (MCBH).
The base is generally considered off limits to civilians or tourists. The wrecks of two PBY Catalinas remain in Kaneohe Bay including an unidentified PBY-5 Catalina, one of two sunk into Kaneohe Bay on December 7, 1941.
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April 7, 2020