December 7, 1941
(IJN) Japanese destroyers Ushio and Sazanami bombarded Midway Atoll between 9:31am to 9:54am firing their 130mm guns at targets on Sand Island. In total, Ushio fired 109 rounds and Sazanami fired 193 rounds. The shelling damaged the power plant that deflected off the adjacent laundromat, knocked out communications and wounding Marine 1st Lt. George H. Cannon, Battery H commander who refused medical attention and later earned the Medal of Honor. Six shells hit the seaplane hanger and destroyed a seaplane inside, killing Ensign Donald J. Kraker and Fireman Second Class Ralph E. Tuttle. Also hit was the hospital and other buildings. Also killed was Pfc Elmer R. Morrell and several others were wounded. Responding, Marine shore batteries engaged the destroyers, damaging one.
January 21-February 8, 1942
Japanese submarine I-69 reconnoiters and patrols the Midway Atoll area between January 21, 1942 until February 8, 1942.
February 9, 1942
(IJN) Japanese submarine I-69 surfaces to bombard Sand Island but is spotted by F2A Buffalos from
VMF-211 and strafed and damaged but escapes.
March 10, 1942
(IJN) As part of a second K-Operation, H6K Mavis piloted by Lieutenant Hashizume while attempting to photograph
Midway Atoll. Over the target, shot down by a USMC F2A Buffallo.
June 4, 1942
(IJN) During the Battle of Midway, Japanese carrier aircraft including 60 bombers escorted by 50 A6M2 Zeros attack Midway Atoll including Midway Airfield on Eastern Island and Sand Island. The formation includes 36 B5N Kates that drop 800kg bombs from high altitude onto the Midway Airfield, fuel tanks and buildings, hitting the northern side of Eastern Island and the hanger and barracks area on Sand Island. Next, D3A Val dive bombers attacked hitting the powerhouse on Eastern Island and fuel tanks on Sand Island.
References: At Close Quarters PT Boats in the United States Navy pages 79, 81, U. S. Marine Corps in World War II pages 56-57