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USMC Nov 1, 1943
USMC December 1943
David Paulley 1982
Harumi Sakaguchi 2003
Lat 6° 13' 60S Long 155° 3' 0E Torokina village is located at Cape Torokina (Torokina Point) on the western coast of Bougainville bordering Empress Augusta Bay. Also known is "Torakina". Borders Empress Augusta Bay on three sides and further to the east is Piva. Visible in the distance is Mount Bagana. Offshore to the west is Torokina Island and Puruata Island. Parallel to the coast was the Empress Trail. To the north was the Buretoni Mission Trail. Today located in the Autonomous Region of Bougainville (Bougainville Province) in Papua New Guinea (PNG).
Torokina plantation was established at this location and planted with coconut palms harvesting copra.
During early 1942, occupied by the Japanese. Afterards, the Torokina area was lightly defended and garrisoned.
On November 1, 1943 the United States Marine Corps (USMC), 3rd Marine Division landed aboard LCVPs and LCI land craft along Empress Augusta Bay from the Koromokina Lagoon to Cape Torokina. The Cape Torokina area was designated Blue 1 with landing areas to the north and south side of the cape. The pounding surf was very rough and 84 landing craft (62 LCVPs and 22 LCIs) broached during the landing.
Allied missions against Torokina
November 1, 1943–January 1, 1944
During the landing, four landing craft were sunk by a single Japanese 75mm regimental gun emplaced in a concealed bunker southwest of Torokina village on Torokina Point. While Marines fired ineffectively at the bunker, Sgt Robert Allen Owens managed to charge into the fire port of the bunker and disperse the gun crew, before he was mortally wounded and died. Later, he earned the Medal of Honor for his actions. After the landing, Torokina Airfield (Cape Torokina Airfield) was built at this location.
On December 17, 1943 the US Army Americal Division occupied the Torokina perimeter until January 12, 1944. On January 2, 1944 the 182nd Infantry Regiment took the line and the 132nd Infantry Regiment on January 9, 1943. Using intensive infantry and tanks, the immediate beachhead area was cleared of Japanese defenders.
On March 10, 1944 a Japanese counterattack from the interior and assaulted the south knob of Hill 260 defended by the 182nd Infantry Regiment. Later, they retook Hill 260 and drove the Japanese back. During April 1944, the US Army pushed the Japanese east of the Mavavia River and secured the Hill Mass of Hill 165, Hill 155, Hill 5500, and Hill 501 and extended the outpost line past the Torokina
River. The division continued patrolling to the Torokina River, Numa Numa
Trail, and across the mountain divide.
During November-December 1944 the Australian Army, II Corps (2 Corps) under the command of Lt. General S. G. Savige assumed responsibility for Bougainville, and continued offensive operations against the Japanese on southern Bougainville until the middle of August 1945.
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