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    Beijing 北京市 (Beiping, Pei-p'ing, Peking) Beijing Municipality China
Location
Beijing is the national capital of the People's Republic of China located in the Beijing Municipality in northern China. Surrounded by the Hebei Province and bordering Tianjin Municipality to the southeast. During World War II known to the Allies as "Peking".

Wartime History
During the Second Sino-Japanese War, the city was captured by the Japanese Army on July 29, 1937. The city became the seat of the Provisional Government of the Republic of China, a puppet state that ruled the Japanese-occupied northern China. This government was later merged into the larger Wang Jingwei government in Nanking (Nanjing).

American missions against Peking (Bejing)
May 30, 1944–August 27, 1945

Postwar
In the final phases of the Chinese Civil War, the People's Liberation Army seized control of the city peacefully on January 31, 1949.

Today
Capital of the People's Republic of China and one of the most populous cities in the world.

Beijing Airport (Beijing Capital International Airport)
Built postwar, present day airport.

Nan Yuan Airfield (Nan Yuen, 南苑)
Prewar airfield used by the Chinese and Japanese.

Beijing Aviation Museum
37 Xue Yuan Roa, Beijing, China.

People's Liberation Military Museum
Beijing, China.

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Last Updated
August 26, 2020

 

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