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Hainan Island is located in Hainan Province off the southern coast of China. Also known as "Hai-Nan" or "Hainan Dao". Borders Tsinghai Bay on the northern shore and the Gulf of Tonking and South China Sea. Postwar, the Chinese Nationalist Party reestablished control, of Hainan until 1950 when they withdrew. Afterwards, occupied by Communist China.
Today part of Hainan Province in China.
On February 9, 1939 after midnight a Japanese force entered Tsinghai Bay with an amphibious force landed on Hainan Island. Afterwards, developed into a base area and anchorage. During the Japanese occupation, Chinese Communists and the Li natives led by Feng Baiju led the Hainan Independent Column. In retaliation the Japanese kill over a third of the adult male population to suppress any resistance. During late 1943 until the end of the Pacific War attacked by Allied aircraft. Occupied by the Japanese until the official surrender of Japan in September 1945.
American missions against Hainan
October 3, 1943–April 3, 1945
Located on the southern coast of Hainan Island, along Samah Bay.
Located on the western coast of Hainan Island bordering Bakli Bay. Included Bakli Bay POW Camp.
Located on the northern coast of Hainan Island.
Yulin Bay (Youlin, Yulin Kan Bay)
Located at the southern tip of Hainan Island. Also known as Yulin Harbor (Youlin) or Yulin Kan Bay. During the Pacific War, used as a point for Japanese shipping from Indochina and Hong Kong.
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