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Lat 36° 3' 58N Long 120° 22' 10E Tsingtao is located at an elevation of 52' / 15m in Shandong Province in China. Prewar and during World War II, known by the German spelling "Tsingtao". Borders Tsingtao Harbor to the west. Today known as Qingdao.
During May 1897 the Germans surveyed this area and identified Tsingtao Harbor as strategically important and occupied. The next year, China conceded the area as part of the Kiautschou Bay Concession. Administered the area by the Reichsmarineamt (Imperial Department of the Navy) as a base for the Far East Squadron. Starting in January 1898 based Marines of III Seebataillon.
During World War I, in the 1914 the British Navy attacked and ally Japan occupied Tsingtao and the surrounding area during the Siege of Tsingtao. After the war, the Allies failed to restore Chinese rule to the area and triggered the May Fourth Movement that led to Chinese control of the city being restored during December 1922.
During the 1920s until the Sino-Japanese war, US Navy warships and submarines based in the Philippines operated from Tsingtao during the summer to patrol the Chinese coast.
During the Second Sino-Japanese War, 1938 Japanese forces occupied the city. During 1945, the city was attacked several times by American aircraft. Occupied by the Japanese until the official surrender of Japan in September 1945.
American missions against Tsingtao
February 9, 1945–February 20, 1945
February 9, 1945
(14th AF) Chinese-American Composite Wing (CACW) fighters make a surprise strike at Tsingtao Airfield, and claim about 100 aircraft destroyed and damaged, and also destroy several nearby locomotives.
February 20, 1945
(14th AF) P-51s pound locomotives, railroad cars, and other targets of opportunity at Tsingtao.
During late 1945, Tsingtao served as the headquarters for the U. S. Navy (USN) Western Pacific Fleet. On June 2, 1949 the Communist People's Army occupied the city. Today, used as a base for the Chinese Navy Northern Fleet.
Wartime airfield used by the Japanese.
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