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    Weifang 魏坊 (Wéifāng) Shandong Province China

Ngguls Sept 30, 2019
Location
Lat 36° 42' 36N Long 119° 6' 7E  Weifang 魏坊 is located at an elevation of 114' / 34m in Shandong Province in China. Also spelled "Wéifāng". Borders Laizhou Bay to the north, Dongying to the northwest, Zibo to the west, Linyi to the southwest, Rizhao to the south and Qingdao to the east. Today located in the People's Republic of China (PRC).

Weihsien Internment Camp (Weihsien Camp)
Built prewar by the American Presbyterian missionaries as Weihsien Camp in Weifang for use as a mission compound named "Courtyard of the Happy Way" that included 24 landscaped acres and buildings. Also spelled Weixian. During World War II, occupied by the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) and used as a "Civilian Assembly Center" a euphemism for an internment camp known as Weihsien Internment Camp until the official surrender of Japan on August 15, 1945.

During World War II was used to detained Allied civilians that were living in northern China including British, Canadian, American, Australian, Dutch, Belgian and later Italians. The civilian detainees included prisoners of the Japanese, foreigners who missed being evacuated, experts and technicians working in China, missionaries, women and children and aged and sick.

During the war, two groups of civilian internees were exchanged. The first was during 1943, when group of Americans and Canadians were exchanged for Japanese in the United States. The second was a group that embarked aboard Taia Maru to Marmagao (Goa) in India in exchange for a group of Japanese from the United States in October 1943. Weihsien Internment Camp continued to operate until August 15, 1945 when Japan officially surrendered.

On August 17, 1945 the U. S. conducts "Duck Mission" when a B-24 Liberator flew over the camp and six Allied personnel parachuted to render aid including Major Stanley Staiger, Ensign Jimmy Moore, Lt. Jim Hannon, Raymond Hanchulak, Sgt Peter Orlich, Sgt Tad Nagaki and a Chinese interpreter Wang Chenghan nicknamed "Eddie". The group liberated the 1,400 Allied civilians at Weihsien Internment Camp. On August 27, 1945 B-29 Superfortress drop medical supplies, food, and clothing to to Weihsien Camp on the first mission to over former Prisoners Of War Camps (POW Camps) and internee camps.

Today

Weifang is headquarters of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) 26th Group Army part of the Jinan Military Region responsible for defending the the Yellow River Plain area.

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Last Updated
August 27, 2020

 

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