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January 20, 1943
Lat 1° 28' 56N Long 124° 50' 56E Manado is located on Sulawesi (Celebes). Wartime spelling "Menado" or "Mendao". Borders Menado Bay (Bangka Anchorage). Prewar and during the Pacific War located in the Netherlands East Indies (NEI). Today known as Manado City (Kota Manado) in North Sulawesi Province (Sulawesi Utara) in Indonesia.
Prewar, Dutch established a Naval base at Manado. At the start of the Pacific War, Manado was defended by a force of 1,500 troops under the command of Major B. F. A. Schillmöller tasked with defending the Langoan Airfield (Manado II) and at Mapanget Airfield (Manado I) and the Naval bases at Manado and Tasoeka.
On January 11, 1942 in the early morning the Japanese Navy landed the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) Sasebo 1st SNLF on both sides of Manado and occupied the town and the next day advanced to Kalkas. That same day, the Sasebo 2nd Special Naval Landing Force (2nd SNLF) landed at Kema on the southeasts side of the north arm and also advanced to Kalkas.
During the Pacific War, there were a seaplane base and two airfields in the Manado area: Menado Seaplane Base, Sidate Airfield and Mapanget Airfield (Manado I).
Manado is provincial capital of North Sulawesi Province (Sulawesi Utara).
Manado Seaplane Base (Menado)
Wartime airfield occupied by the Japanese until the end of the war
Mapanget Airfield (Manado I)
Japanese airfield located thirteen kilometers northeast of Manado
USS Shark (SS-174)
Sunk on February 11, 1942 off Menado
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