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    Surabaja (Surabaya, Soerabaja) East Java Province (Jawa Timur) Indonesia

Lat 7° 15' 0S Long 112° 45' 0E Located on the north coast of Java. Wartime spelling "Surabaya" or "Sourabaya". Borders Surabaja Harbor (Surabaya Harbor) and Soerabaja Strait. To the northeast is Madura Island. Prewar and during the Pacific War located in the Netherlands East Indies (NEI). Today, Surabaya is the capital of East Java Province (Propinsi Jawa Timur) in Indonesia.

Wartime History
On February 28, 1942, the remnants of the Allied force in Java fleed to Surabaya, sheltering briefly there before trying to escape to Australia.

On March 1, 1942, the Japanese "Eastern landing force" landed 100 miles west of Soerabaja, while the Japanese "Western landing force" landed on the northwest coast near Batavia (Djogkarta, Jakarta). These landings began the Japanese occupation of Java.

During late 1943 until the end of the Pacific War, attacked by Allied bombers and fighters.

American missions against Soerabaja
November 10, 1943 - August 7, 1945

Surabaja Airfield (Surabaya, Soerabaja)
Prewar airfield used by the Allies in the early months of the war, used by JAAF

Morokrembangan Seaplane Base
Located at Morokrembangan near Soerabaja, prewar Dutch seaplane base.

Soerabaja Naval Base
Located in Soerabaja Harbor. Prewar Dutch Naval Base. Used by US Navy Patrol Wing 10 (PatWing 10) during December 1941. Occupied by the Japanese and used as naval base for the remainder of the Pacific War. During August 1943, a German U-Boat satalite station was established here, with their main base at Penang.

Netherlands Field of Honour at Sourabaya
Cemetery with Dutch war dead.

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Last Updated
October 23, 2019


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