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    Chi Chi Jima 父島 (Father Island, Ogasawara) Ogasawara Subprefecture Japan
Location
Lat 27° 4' 0N Long 142° 12' 30E  Chi Chi Jima is located in the in the Father Island Group in the Bonin Islands (Ogasawara Islands) in Ogasawara Subprefecture off Japan. Also spelled "Chichi Jima". Also known as "Father Island, "Peel Island" or "Ogasawara". This island is roughly five miles long by three miles wide and roughly 600 miles off Japan and 150 miles to the south-southwest is Iwo Jima. Borders Futami Bay (Futami Ko, Chi Chi Jima Harbor, Chichi Jima Harbor) to the west. To the northeast is Higashi-shima and the to the north is Ani Shima and beyond Ototo Jima.

Wartime History
During the 1930's the Japanese began to fortify Chi Chi Jima as a military base and radio relay link. By the middle of 1944, the island was defended by approximately 25,000 Japanese personnel from both the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) and Imperial Japanese Army (IJA).

Starting in the middle of August 1944 U. S. aircraft began bombing the island to neutralize the garrison and communicaiton link and continued until early June 1945. Shortly after the bombing began, all but a small handful of the civilian population was evacuated to the mainland of Japan.

American missions against Chi Chi Jima (Chichi Jima)
August 12, 1944–June 4, 1945

In total, twenty-two American aviators were lost, bailed out or ditched near Chichi Jima. Eight Americans became Prisoners Of War (POW) of the Japanese Navy and Japanese Army on the island. All eight prisoners were executed and the body parts of some were eaten high ranking Japanese officers as part of their Bushido warrior indoctrination.

ARM2c Lloyd Richard Woellhof gunner SB2C 01169 POW 7-4-44, executed 8-7-44
Unknown, radioman POW 7-4-44, executed 8-7-44
AOM3c Grady Alvan York gunner TBM Avenger 22904 POW 2-18-45, executed 2-23-45
ARM3c James Wesley Dye, Jr. radio TBM Avenger 22904 POW 2-18-45, executed 2-25-45
AOM2c Glenn J. Frazier, Jr. gunner TBM 23637 POW 2-18-45, executed 2-18-45
ARM3c Marvelle "Marvie" William Mershon radio TBM 23637 POW 2-18-45, executed 2-22-45
Ensign Floyd Ewing Hall pilot TBM 23637 POW 2-18-45, executed 3-9-45
2nd Lt Warren Earl Vaugn pilot F4U 82356 POW 2-23-45, executed 3-15-45

Postwar
During December 1945 U. S. Marines occupied the Bonin Islands including Chi Chi Jima and destroyed and burned all equipment and buildings of military value to demilitarize the island. During 1946, a US Navy facility was established on the island and operated until the 1960s.

During 1947 a war crimes trial on Guam prosecuted by USMC Colonel Presley M. Rixey tried those responsible for these crimes, but received little press in the United States. The Japanese found guilty were hanged and buried in unmarked graves on Guam. Executed were Japanese Army General Yoshio Tachibana and Major Sueo Matoba who ordered the executions. Lt. Col. Kikuji Ito and Captain Noburu Nakajima who executed prisoners were executed. Others were given prison sentences including Lt. Morishita who beheaded a prisoner.

Today
During the 1980s, Chi Chi Jima was returned to Japan. Today, the island is a resort area for divers and vacationers from Japan.

Susaki Airfield (Chi Chi Jima Airfield)
Japanese airfield, disused since the war

P-51D Mustang Serial Number 44-63458
Pilot Zellweger MIA June 2, 1945 over Chi Chi Jima

Mount Yoake and Mount Asahi Radio Stations
The two highest mountains on Chichi Jima are Mount Yoake (Yoake-yama) and Mount Asahi (Asahi-yama) with an elevation of 308' at the north center of the island. The Japanese Navy built an array of short and long range radio receivers and transmitters at the summit of each mountain defended by anti-aircraft guns. These communications facilities were used to relay messages and eavesdrop on American communications. Although targeted by American aircraft, the facility was never substantially damaged. On September 2, 1944 TBM Avenger 46214 piloted by Lt(jg) George H. W. Bush was damaged and crashed offshore. In 1946, American occupation forces dynamited the roof the the radio facility, collapsing it.

Matsu
Sunk August 4, 1944 roughly fifty miles off Chi Chi Jima

SB2C-1 Helldiver 01169
Pilot Hintz crashed July 4, 1944 gunner Woellhof captured and executed August 5, 1944

TBM-1C Avenger 46214 Tail 2x
Pilot George H.W. Bush ditched September 2, 1944, 2 missing

TBM-3 Avenger 22889 Tail 1??
Pilot Cosbie crashed February 18, 1945, 3 missing

References
John LaPlant's Chichi Jima Bonin Islands Website

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Last Updated
March 12, 2020

 

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