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Nippon News 1945
7th AF 1945
USMC Feb 23, 1945
Rosenthal Feb 23, 1945
USMC June 1946
Mount Suribachi is a volcanic cone with a 550' summit and the highest elevation on the southwest tip of Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands in Ogasawara Subprefecture in Japan. Also known as "Mt. Surabachi" or simply "Surabachi". In Japanese known as "Suribachiyama" or "Suribachi-yama".
During the Pacific War, the Japanese dug tunnels and fighting positions into Mount Suribachi with an elaborate seven-story interior structure above the likely invasion beaches on the southern coast. Before and during the invasion, Mount Suribachi was heavily bombed by U. S. bombers and fighters plus U. S. Navy (USN) gunfire and rockets.
On February 19, 1945 when the U. S. Marines made an amphibious landing on the invasion beach of Iwo Jima the Japanese defenses in Mount Suribachi opened fire on the Americans and were able to inflict terrible casualties to landing force. On February 23, 1945 at 10:00am, U. S. Marines reached the summit of Mount Suribachi and raised an American flag that became known as the "First Flag Raising". Later that same day, a second group of Marines raised a larger flag that became known as the "Second Flag Raising".
First Flag Raising
On February 23, 1945 at 10:00am U. S. Marines Corps (USMC) from Easy Company, 28th Regiment, 5th Marine Division reach the summit of Mount Suribachi. Spontaneously, they raised the first U. S. flag attached to a metal pipe found at the summit. Although small, the flag was visible from the invasion beach below and aboard warships and transports and instantly became an inspiration to every American that the U. S. had taken the high ground and was gaining the upper hand during the Battle of Iwo Jima.
The first flag raising is photographed by SSgt Louis R. Lowery, USMC, staff photographer for Leatherneck Magazine. Pictured holding the metal pole is Sgt Henry O. Hansen, Pvt Philip L. Ward and Pharmacist’s Mate 2nd Class John Bradley. In the foreground Pfc J. R. Michaels stands guard holding his M-1 carbine. Standing behind him is Cpl C. W. Lindberg.
Second Flag Raising
Mount Suribachi Memorial (USMC Memorial)
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