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IJN February 14, 1942
USN March 1946
Lat 34° 13' 56N Long 132° 33' 60E Kure 呉市 is located in Hiroshima Prefecture in the Chūgoku Region of Honshū in Japan. Borders Kure Harbor inside Hiroshima Bay and beyond the Inland Sea. To the northwest is Hiroshima and on the opposite side of Hiroshima Bay are Iwakuni and Otake. Today known as Kure City (Kure-shi).
During 1889 the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) established the Kure Naval District at Kure as the second Naval District responsible for the defense of Japan and established the Kure Shipyards renamed the Kure Naval Arsenal. Kure Harbor was dubbed the "Imperial Navy's Harbor".
Prewar and during the Pacific War Kure was an important Naval base for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) and included the Kure Naval Arsenal building warships and armament. During 1945, targeted by Allied aircraft and subjected to bombing by U. S. Navy (USN) carrier aircraft and U. S. Army Air Force (USAAF) B-29 Superfortress and B-24 Liberators bombers that destroyed roughly 70% of the buildings and equipment.
American missions against Kure
March 19, 1945–July 29, 1945
Kure Harbor is a base for the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF).
Kure Naval Arsenal
During 1889 the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) established the Kure Naval District at Kure and established under the direction of French engineer Louis-Émile Bertin and movement of equipment from Onohama shipyards near Kobe. The first warship built at Kure was Miyako launched 1897. In 1903, the Kure Shipyards were renamed the Kure Naval Arsenal and included a steel works built with British assistance plus an arsenal manufacturing naval guns and shells and became the largest shipyard in Japan and designed and built super battleships Yamato and Nagato laid down 1917 launched 1919. Also, Japan's largest battleship Yamato laid down 1937 launched 1940. After the surrender of Japan the Kure Naval Arsenal became managed by a civilian administration. Today the facility is operated by Japan Marine United including a dry dock, ship building and engineering facilities and remains one of Japan's largest shipbuilding facilities.
Located at Kure. Wartime airfield.
July 24, 1945
July 28, 1945
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