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USAAF September 1945
Lat 35° 41' 6N Long 139° 45' 5E Tokyo is located in the Keihin Region in the Kantō Region of Honshū in Japan. Borders Tokyo Bay to the south. Tōkyō means "Eastern Capital" and is the capital of Japan. During 1943, Tokyo Metropolis was formed by the merger of Tokyo Prefecture (東京府) and the city of Tokyo plus the Izu Islands and Ogasawara Subprefecture.
Tokyo was an important urban city during the war, with many factories and industries including the Tokyo Arsenal, Musashino (Musashi) aircraft plant and Nakajima Aircraft plant.
On April 18, 1942 during the "Doolittle Raid" the city was first bombed by B-25 Mitchells. Although the raid caused little damage the psychological impact was profound. No further bombings materialized until late November 1944 when Tokyo was within range of B-29 Superfortress flying from the Mariana Islands.
Tokyo's industrial targets were bombed and incendiary "fire bombing" targeted the largely wood and paper homes in the densely populated urban areas and light industry. On March 10, 1945 during the predawn hours, 279 B-29 dropped incendiaries over Tokyo destroying 15.8 square miles and about one-fourth of the city's buildings. In that single raid, 83,793 died and 40,918 wounded. This death total is the highest of any single day's action during the war and exceeded the deaths caused by the atomic bomb on Hiroshima.
Starting in February 1945, US Navy carrier aircraft fly missions over Tokyo and by April 1945 P-51D Mustangs from Iwo Jima fly missions. Japanese anti-aircraft and aircraft defended the city until the end of hostilities on August 15, 1945.
American missions against Tokyo
April 18, 1942–August 15, 1945
Tokyo Imperial Palace (Imperial Residence)
1-1 Chiyoda, Chiyoda-ku 100-0001 Tokyo During the night of May 25, 1945 most structures inside the grounds were destroyed during the fire bombing raid on Tokyo. On July 29, 1945 again targeted by B-29s with 2,000 pound bombs.
Tokyo National Science Museum
Museum with Zero fighter on display
Yasukuni Jinja (Yasukuni Shrine)
This is a shrine and museum of Japan's military history
Yūshūkan (Yasukuni Museum)
Military museum located at Yasukuni
Tokyo Maritime Science Museum
(Formally) H8K Emily flying boat on display
Dai-Ichi Seimei Building (GHQ)
General MacArthur's Residence
Omori POW Camp
Tokyo POW Camp (Shinjuku)
Tokyo Area Airfields
Toyooka Airfield (Sakato)
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