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    Pyongyang 평양 P'yŏngan Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea)
DPRK October 14, 1945
Lat 39° 1′ 10″ N, Long 125° 44′ 17″ E  Pyongyang 평양 is located at an elevation of 22' / 6m on the Taedong River. Pyongyang is the capital of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea).

The city is a chikhalsi (directly-administered city). Also spelled P'yŏngan.

First Sino-Japanese War
On September 15, 1894, Pyongyang was the site of the Battle of Pyongyang, the second major battle of the First Sino-Japanese War when the defending Qing Dynasty were defeated by the Japanese Army after a twelve hour battle.

World War II
Occupied by the Japanese, the city was renamed Heijō (Heijo). and developed into an industrial center. During 1938, Pyongyang had a population of 235,000. The Japanese occupied the city for the duration of the Pacific War. On August 25, 1945 during "Operation August Storm" the Red Army 25th Army occupied Pyongyang.

Pyongyang became the temporary capital of Provisional People's Committee for North Korea. On October 10, 1945 the Conference of Korean Communist Party Members and Enthusiasts in the Five Northwestern Provinces held their first meeting in a public hall (today Party Founding Museum) with Kim Il-sung as the leader. The Central Organizing Committee of the Communist Party of North Korea ("North Korea Bureau of the Communist Party of Korea) is formed. Since then, October 10th is celebrated as "Party Foundation Day". In 1948 the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) is formed with the capital Pyongyang.

Korean War
During the Korean War, Pyongyang was occupied by South Korean force between October 19, 1950 until December 6, 1950. During the Korean War, targeted by United Nations (U. N.) bombers and fighters and was largely destroyed. Afterwards, the city was rebuilt with foreign aid support from the Soviet Union.

Sunan International Airport (Pyongyang Airport)
Lat 39°13′26″N Long 125°40′12″E Located 15 miles from the center of Pyongyang

Victorious Fatherland Liberation War Museum (War Museum)
Devoted to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea side of the Korean War

USS Pueblo (AGER-2)
Captured January, 23 1968 moored in the Taedong River, Pyongyang until December 2012

United Nations Military Cemetery Pyongyang
United Nations (U.N.) cemetery in Pyongyang. During Operation Glory, the remains buried in this cemetery were exhumed and returned to American Graves Registration Service (AGRS).

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Last Updated
October 13, 2020


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