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    Madagascar (Republic of Madagascar)  

Madagascar Island is located off the coast of Africa. In 1883 France invaded Madagascar during the Franco-Hova War. At the end of the war, Madagascar ceded Diego Suarez (Antsiranana) to France.

Wartime History
During World War II, after the German occupation of France in 1940, Madagascar was controlled by Vichy France. To deprive Madagascar from the Axis, on May 5, 1942 the British launched "Operation Ironclad" to capture Diego Suarez. On September 10, 1942 the British began "Operation Streamline Jane" to captured the rest of Madagascar by November 6, 1942.

On May 5, 1942 the British launched "Operation Ironclad" landing the British Army 29th Infantry Brigade and No. 5 Commandos at Courrier Bay and Ambararata Bay with reinforcements landed from the 5th Infantry Division and Royal Marines. Until the next day, the French successfully defended until HMS Anthony managed to land 50 Royal Marines in a rear area and broke the defense resulting in the surrender of the town on May 7, 1942. After the battle, on May 19, 1942 two brigades of the 5th Infantry Division departed for India.

On May 29, 1942 three Japanese submarines I-10, I-16 and I-20 arrived and launched an reconnaissance flight, followed by two Type A Midget Submarines to attack the anchorage, damaging HMS Ramillies and sank oil tanker British Loyalty.

On September 10, 1942 the British began "Operation Streamline Jane" landing the 29th Brigade and 22nd Brigade Group made an amphibious landing at Majunga. The British captured Tananarive without much opposition then Ambalavao. The last major action was at Andramanalina on October 18, 1942. An armistice was signed in Ambalavao on November 6, 1942, and Vichy French General Annet officially surrendered near Ihosy on November 8, 1942.

Antsiranana (Diego-Suarez)
Located at the northern tip of Madagascar bordering Diego Suarez Bay (Antsiranana Bay)

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Last Updated
October 23, 2019


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