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Madagascar Island is located in the southern Indian Ocean. To the west is Mozambique on Africa. To the east is Réunion and Mauritius. To the northeast is Comoros and Mayotte. In 1883 during the Franco-Hova War, France invaded Madagascar and afterwards Diego-Suarez (Antsiranana) was ceded to France. Today the Republic of Madagascar.
During World War II, after the fall of France in 1940, Madagascar was controlled by the Vichy France. On May 5, 1942 the British launched "Operation Ironclad" to deprive the Axis from Madagascar and capture Diego Suarez (Antsiranana). On September 10, 1942 the British began "Operation Streamline Jane" to captured the rest of Madagascar by November 6, 1942.
On May 5, 1942 the British launched "Operation Ironclad" landing the British Army 29th Infantry Brigade and No. 5 Commandos at Courrier Bay and Ambararata Bay with reinforcements landed from the 5th Infantry Division and Royal Marines. Until the next day, the French successfully defended until HMS Anthony managed to land 50 Royal Marines in a rear area and broke the defense resulting in the surrender of the town on May 7, 1942. After the battle, on May 19, 1942 two brigades of the 5th Infantry Division departed for India.
On May 29, 1942 Japanese submarines I-10, I-16 and I-20 are in position to attack Diego Suarez Bay (Antsiranana Bay). To perform a reconnaissance over the target area, I-10 launches her floatplane and spots Allied warships and vessels.
On May 30, 1942 Japanese submarines I-16 and I-20 each launch their Type A Midget Submarine for an attack against ships inside Diego-Suarez Bay (Antsiranana Bay). HA-20 Type A Midget Submarine under the command of Lt Saburo Akieda with crew PO1C Masami Takemoto fires her first torpedo that hits and damages HMS Ramillies. Afterwards, depth charged but managed to fire her second torpedo at MV British Loyalty that sinks in shallow water.
On September 10, 1942 the British began "Operation Streamline Jane" landing the 29th Brigade and 22nd Brigade Group made an amphibious landing at Majunga. The British captured Tananarive without much opposition then Ambalavao. The last major action was at Andramanalina on October 18, 1942. An armistice was signed in Ambalavao on November 6, 1942. The Vichy French General Annet officially surrendered near Ihosy on November 8, 1942.
On January 8, 1943 British Army General William Platt, CG Br East African Command turns over responsibility for Madagascar, except for the Diego Suarez area, to General P. Legentilhomme, High Commissioner for French possessions in Indian Ocean.
Located at the northern tip of Madagascar bordering Diego-Suarez Bay (Antsiranana Bay) to the north.
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