Coastal city and seaport located along Dairen Bay, located in the Dairen Region. It faces Shandong to the south, the Yellow Sea to the east and the Bohai Sea to the west and south. Also spelled Dàlián.
After the Russo-Japanese war, Port Arthur was yielded to Japan (Treaty of Portsmouth), who set up the Kwantung Leased Territory or Guandongzhou, which was roughly the southern half (Jinzhou District and south) of the present-day Dalian. After the foundation of Manchukuo in 1932, the sovereignty of the territory moved from China to Manchukuo. Japan still leased it from Manchukuo. In 1937, the current area of Dalian was enlarged and modernized by the Japanese as two cities: northern Dairen (Dalian) and the southern Ryojun (Port Arthur or Lüshun).
American missions against Dairen
September 8, 1944 (20th AF) 15 B-29s bomb Dairen, Sinsiang, and targets of opportunity.
As part of the Yalta Conference, the Allies decided that the commercial port of Dairen shall be internationalized, the preeminent interests of the Soviet Union in this port being safeguarded, and the lease of Port Arthur as a naval base of the U.S.S.R. restored.
Dairen survived the war relatively undamaged. After the surrender of Japan in August 1945, the Soviet Union administered Dairen until 1950, when it was turned over to China. During this period the Soviets and Chinese Communists cooperated in the further development of the city. The seaport was rented and used by the Soviet Union, and the last of their troops departed by 1955.
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October 23, 2019