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    Eniwetok Atoll (Enewetak, Enewetok Eniewetok)  Marshall Islands

Location
Lat 9° 1' 0N Long 167° 43' 0E  Eniwetok Atoll is comprised of thirty small islands, located 326 miles northwest of Kwajalein. During the Pacific War, the U. S. spelling was "Eniwetok". Today spelled "Enewetak". Also spelled "Eniewetok" or "Enewetok". Marshallese spelling Ānewetak.

Wartime History
During the Pacific War, Eniwetok Atoll was code named "Downside". On February 19, 1944 American forces landed on Eniwetok. Two days later on February 21, 1944 declared secured.

Postwar
During November 18, 1952 Kniwetok was the site of the first Hydrogen bomb (H-Bomb) test, code named "Operation Ivy".

Eniwetok Island
Mail island in the group, two miles long and a quarter mile wide, developed into an airfield and base.

Parry Island
Located just to the north-east of Eniwetok, it was code named 'Heartstrings' by the Amreicans. The Japanese peir was improved by Americans and used.  At the end of the war, it was developed into a recreation area for 35,000 men.

Engebi Island
Located at the northern tip of the atoll. Code named 'Fraggile' by Americans, it was captured after a swift six hour battle on February 18, 1944.

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Last Updated
January 24, 2019

 

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