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Peter Flahavin 1996
Nauru Island is an oval shaped island near the equator in the southwestern Pacific Ocean in the Republic of Nauru. Also known as simply Nauru. Formally known as Pleasant Island. The island has a circumference of 12 miles and an area of 8.1 square miles. Today, Nauru divided into fourteen administrative districts. Yaren serves as the administrative center. Nauru has no capital.
In 1888, Germany annexed Nauru as part of the Marshall Islands Protectorate. In 1900 a British company discovered phosphate on the island and negotiated with Germany for mining rights. In November 1914 Nauru was seized by Australian troops under the command of Captain Norrie who became acting military administrator for Nauru and the island remained under British control until 1921 when a League of Nations mandate granted administrative rights to the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand plus the establishment of the British Phosphate Commissioners (BPC) to mine phosphates from the island.
Australian, German, Japanese and American missions against Nauru
On June 12, 1940 HMAS Manoora (F48) intercepted Italian merchant ship Romolo and scuttled her off Nauru. During December 1940, two German raiders Komet and Orion sank five Allied merchant ships off Nauru.
On December 27, 1940 Komet bombarded the phosphate mine damaging the cantilever loading wharf, oil tanks and other facilities.
Occupied by the Japanese in late 1942, the garrison was commanded by Takeuchi. The Japanese garrison included Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN), Special Naval Landing Force (SNLF) and Imperial Japanese Army (IJN) personnel. During the Pacific War, the Japanese continued to mine phosphates and built defenses and Nauru Airfield. In September 1943, roughly 1,200 Nauruans were deported to Truk as laborers.
After the surrender of Japan, Nauru waited for Australian forces to accept the surrender. On September 13, 1945, the Nauru garrison represented by IJA Captain Hisayuki Soeda and IJN Lieutenant Commander Kishimoto officially surrendered roughly 500 to the Allies aboard HMAS Diamantina (K377). Afterwards, Australian forces occupy the island.
Nauru Airfield (Nauru International Airport)
Museum (Nauru Military Museum)
Japanese bunkers and trenches
F6F-3 Hellcat Bureau Number 26088
Princess" Serial Number 42-64977
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