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The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) is the northern half of the Korean Peninsula. Also known as North Korea. The national capital is Pyongyang 평양. To the south is the 38th parallel and the militarized border with the Republic of Korea (South Korea). Borders China to the north, Sea of Japan (East Sea) to the east, to the south is the Republic of Korea (South Korea) and to the west is the Korea Bay and Yellow Sea.
Following the Kangwha Island Incident of 1875, Japan dislodged the Chinese Qing Dynasty forces from the Korean Peninsula. After the 1904-1905 Russo-Japanese War Japan issued the Eulsa Treaty in 1905 declaring the Korean peninsula as a Japanese protectorate.
On August 22, 1910 the Japan–Korea Annexation Treaty officially annexed the Korean Peninsula. During 1937, Governor-General, General Jirō Minami, banned Korean language, literature, and culture. Cities and towns were given Japanese names. In 1939, Koreans were required to use Japanese names under the Sōshi-kaimei policy.
During the Sino-Japanese War and Pacific War, Japanese utilized Korean laborers and natural resources for their war effort. In 1938, the Colonial Government established labor conscription. In total roughly 2.6 million Koreans labored for the Japanese and 723,000 worked for Japanese outside the Korean peninsula.
In opposition, Korean communists led by Kim Il-sung fought against the Japanese in Korea and Manchuria. During July-August 1945, American aircraft bombed targets on the Korean Peninsula and offshore shipping.
On August 9, 1945 the Soviet Union declared war on Japan and during "Operation August Storm" the Red Army attacks North Korea from Primorsky Krai Province (Maritime Province) and occupies the northern part of the Korean peninsula. On August 25, 1945 the Red Army enters Pyongyang. On August 26, 1945 Soviet forces hault their advance at the 38th Parallel at roughly the center of the Korean peninsula and waited for three weeks for the arrival of American forces from South Korea. Red Army commander of Soviet forces in Korea is General Ivan Chistiakov.
On October 10, 1945 the Conference of Korean Communist Party Members and Enthusiasts in the Five Northwestern Provinces held their first meeting in a public hall (Party Founding Museum) in Pyongyang. The Central Organizing Committee of the Communist Party of North Korea (North Korea Bureau of the Communist Party of Korea) is formed. Since then, October 10th is celebrated as "Party Foundation Day".
Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea)
Pyongyang 평양 national capital of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
North P'yŏngan Province (Phyeonganpukto) located on the northern border with China
Sinuiju (신의주) provincial capital located along the Yalu River and border with China
South P'yŏngan Province (Phyeonganpukto) located in the center provincial capital Pyongsong
North Hwanghae Province (Hwanghaipukto) located on the southern border provincial capital Sariwon
Kaesŏng (Kaesong) located on the border designated as a special city
South Hwanghae Province (Hwanghainamto) located on the southern border provincial capital Haeju
Chagang Province (Jakangto) located on the northern border with China provincial capital Kanggye
Ryanggang Province (Ryangkangto) located on the northern border with China provincial capital Hyesan
Kangwŏn Province (Kangweonto) located in the southeastern portion of North Korea includes Wonsan
Wŏnsan (Wonsan) port city and naval base in southeastern North Korea
Wŏnsan Harbor Harbor located offshore Wonsan
North Hamgyŏng Province (Hamgyŏng-pukto) located on the eastern coast of North Korea
Rason (Rajin, Najin) port city on the northeastern tip of North Korea
South Hamgyŏng Province (Hamkyeongnamto) located on the eastern coast of North Korea
Changjin (Chosin) large reservoir area in central North Korea
Yudam-ni located to the west of the Chosin Reservoir
Hagaru-ri located to the south of Chosin Reservoir includes Hagaru-ri Airfield
Kot'o-ri (Koto-ri) located to the south of Chosin Reservoir includes Kot'o-ri Airfield
Hŭngnam (Hungnam) port city and third largest city in North Korea
Hamhung (Hamhŭng) located in northeastern Korea
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