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    Philippines (Republic of the Philippines)  
Location
The Philippines is an archipelago of islands located in the western Pacific Ocean. The capital is Manila in the National Capital Region (NCR) on Luzon. Geographically, the Philippines is comprised of roughly 7,641 islands that are categorized broadly into three main geographical divisions: Luzon in the north, Visayas in the center and Mindanao in the south.

Wartime History
The Philippines played a major role during the Pacific War. On December 8, 1941 Japanese aircraft attacked Luzon and later in the month the Japanese Army landed on Luzon and defeated the U. S. Army and Filipino defenders. After being evacuated, U. S. Army General Douglas MacArthur vowed "I shall return". The Japanese occupied the Philippines until American forces landed at Leyte at the end of 1944 and Luzon on January 9, 1945 and liberated the Philippines until the end of the Pacific War. Defending Japanese fought until the end of the war, and some beyond. During the Pacific War, nearly every island was impacted directly or indirectly by World War II. On July 4, 1946 the Republic of the Philippines gained full independence from the United States.

Philippines Islands
Luzon  largest and most populous island in the Philippines includes the capital city of Manila.
Batanes Island Group (Batanes Islands)  located to the north of Luzon.
Leyte  located in the Visayas Islands in the central Philippines.
Samar  located in the eastern Visayas Islands in the central Philippines.
Cebu  located in the eastern Visayas Islands in the central Philippines.
Panay  located in the western Visayas Islands in the central Philippines.
Guimaras  in the Western Islands in the central Philippines.
Negros  in the Visayas Islands, fourth largest island in the Philippines.
Mindoro  located to the southwest of Luzon and to the northeast of Palawan.
Palawan  located in the Mimaropa region in Palawan Province.
Lubang  located in the Lubang Island Group (Lubang Islands) to the southwest of Luzon.
Masbate  located in the Bicol Region to the southeast of Luzon.
Catanduanes  located in the Bicol Region to the southeast of Luzon.
Bohol  located in the Central Visayas.
Mindanao  located in the south of the Philippines.

Philippines Regions
Autonomous Region In Muslim Mindanao (ARMM)  is located in the central western Mindanao and Sulu Islands.

Philippines Bodies of Water
Philippine Sea  located to the east of the Philippines site of the Battle of the Philippine Sea.
Surigao Strait  located in the southern Philippines between the Mindanao Sea (Bohol Sea) and the Leyte Gulf.
Leyte Gulf  located in the southern Philippines bordering Leyte and Samar.
Visayan Sea  located in the Visayas in the central Philippines.
Sibuyan Sea  located in the Visayas in the central Philippines.
Surigao Strait  located in the Visayas in the central Philippines.

Philippines Provinces
Batanes Province  located Batanes Island Group (Batanes Islands).
Palawan Province  encompasses Palawan Island and adjacent islands.
Region V (Bicol Region)
Albay Province  located at the southeastern of Luzon bordering Albay Gulf.
Camarines Norte Province  located at the southeastern of Luzon.
Camarines Sur Province  located at the southeastern of Luzon.
Sorsogon Province  located in the southern Philippines.
Catanduanes Province  encompasses Catanduanes Island.
Region V (Bicol Region)
Masbate Province  offshore island province.
Region VI (Western Visayas)
Iloilo Province  southern portion of Panay Island including Ilo Ilo (Iloilo City).
Antique Province  located on the eastern portion of Panay Island.
Guimaras Province  encompasses Guimaras Island.
Negros Occidental Province  northwest portion of Negros Island.
Region VII (Central Visayas)
Negros Oriental Province  southeastern portion of Negros Island.
Iloilo Province  southern portion of Panay Island including Ilo Ilo (Iloilo City).
Bohol Province  encompasses Bohol Island in the Central Visayas.

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Last Updated
May 18, 2019

 

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