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    Philippines (Republic of the Philippines)  
Location
The Philippines is an archipelago of islands in the western Pacific Ocean. The national capital and largest city is Manila in the National Capital Region (NCR) on Luzon. The Philippines includes 7,641 islands in three geographical divisions: Luzon in the north, Visayas in the center and Mindanao in the south. Officially known as the Republic of the Philippines. Also abbreviated PI. Borders the South China Sea to the west, Philippine Sea to the east and Celebes Sea on the southwest. The Philippines shares maritime borders with Taiwan (Formosa) to the north, Japan to the northeast, Vietnam to the west, Palau to the east plus Malaysia and Indonesia to the south.

Wartime History
On December 8, 1941 Japanese aircraft attacked Luzon and later in the month the Japanese Army landed on northern Luzon defeating U. S. Army and Filipino defenders. After being evacuated, U. S. Army General Douglas MacArthur vowed "I shall return". After the surrender of U. S. and Filipino forces, the Japanese occupied the Philippines. During the Japanese occupation, Filipino guerrillas opposed the occupation.

By late 1944, Allied forces had advanced to within range of the Philippines allowing aircraft to attack targets ahead of the liberation. On October 20, 1944 the Americans landed on eastern Leyte starting the liberation of the Philippines. The Japanese responded and between October 23-26, 1944 was a series of battles associated with the Battle of Leyte Gulf. On December 15, 1944 the Americans landed on Mindoro. On January 9, 1945 the Americans landed at Lingayen Gulf starting the liberation of Luzon. The remaining Japanese forces a protracted defense to delay and tie up the American forces that continued to liberate occupied locations until the official surrender of Japan.

During the Pacific War, nearly every location in the Philippines was impacted by World War II either directly or indirectly. On July 4, 1946 the Republic of the Philippines gained full independence from the United States.

Philippines Islands
Luzon  largest and most populous island in the Philippines includes the capital city of Manila.
Batanes Island Group (Batanes Islands)  located to the north of Luzon.
Leyte  located in the Visayas Islands in the central Philippines.
Samar  located in the eastern Visayas Islands in the central Philippines.
Cebu  located in the eastern Visayas Islands in the central Philippines.
Panay  located in the western Visayas Islands in the central Philippines.
Guimaras  in the Western Islands in the central Philippines.
Negros  in the Visayas Islands, fourth largest island in the Philippines.
Mindoro  located to the southwest of Luzon and to the northeast of Palawan.
Tablas  located in the Mimaropa to the southeast of Mindoro Island.
Palawan  located in the Mimaropa region in Palawan Province.
Lubang  located in the Lubang Island Group (Lubang Islands) to the southwest of Luzon.
Masbate  located in the Bicol Region to the southeast of Luzon.
Catanduanes  located in the Bicol Region to the southeast of Luzon.
Bohol  located in the Central Visayas.
Mindanao  located in the south of the Philippines.
Dinagat  located in the south of the Philippines.

Philippines Regions
Region V (Bicol Region)  includes Camarines Sur Province, Albay Province and Sorsogon Province.
Region VI (Western Visayas)  includes Panay and Negros Occidental.
Region VII (Central Visayas)  includes Cebu, Bohol, Negros Oriental, and Siquijor.
Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)  located in the eastern Visayas includes Leyte, Samar and Biliran.
Autonomous Region In Muslim Mindanao (ARMM)  is located in the central western Mindanao and Sulu Islands.

Philippines Bodies of Water
Philippine Sea  located to the east of the Philippines site of the Battle of the Philippine Sea.
Surigao Strait  located in the southern Philippines between the Mindanao Sea (Bohol Sea) and the Leyte Gulf.
Leyte Gulf  located in the southern Philippines bordering Leyte and Samar.
Visayan Sea  located in the Visayas in the central Philippines.
Sibuyan Sea  located in the Visayas in the central Philippines.
Surigao Strait  located in the Visayas in the central Philippines.
Mindoro Strait  located to the west of Mindoro Island in the Philippines.
Jintotolo Channel (Jintotolo Strait)  connects the Sibuyan Sea with the Visayan Sea between Panay and Masbate

Philippines Provinces
Batanes Province  located Batanes Island Group (Batanes Islands).
Palawan Province  encompasses Palawan Island and adjacent islands.
Region V (Bicol Region)
Albay Province  located at the southeastern of Luzon bordering Albay Gulf.
Camarines Norte Province  located at the southeastern of Luzon.
Camarines Sur Province  located at the southeastern of Luzon.
Sorsogon Province  located in the southern Philippines.
Catanduanes Province  encompasses Catanduanes Island.
Masbate Province  offshore island province.
Region VI (Western Visayas)
Iloilo Province  southern portion of Panay Island including Ilo Ilo (Iloilo City).
Antique Province  located on the eastern portion of Panay Island.
Guimaras Province  encompasses Guimaras Island.
Negros Occidental Province  northwest portion of Negros Island.
Region VII (Central Visayas)
Negros Oriental Province  southeastern portion of Negros Island.
Iloilo Province  southern portion of Panay Island including Ilo Ilo (Iloilo City).
Bohol Province  encompasses Bohol Island in the Central Visayas.

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Last Updated
August 25, 2020

 

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