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    Bataan Peninsula Bataan Province | Luzon Philippines
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JAAF 1942

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US Army January 10, 1942

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90th BG Feb 16, 1945

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Justin Taylan 2005
Location
The Bataan Peninsula is located in Bataan Province on Luzon in the Philippines. Borders Manila Bay to the east and the South China Sea to the west. Borders Subic Bay at the northwest and the South China Sea to the west and Manila Bay to the south and east. To the south is the North Channel at the entrance of Manila Bay and beyond Corrigidor Island and Caballo Island.

Wartime History
The Bataan Peninsula became the American and Filipino defensive line after Japanese landings on Luzon. On December 24, 1941 the evacuation to the Bataan Peninsula begins with General Douglas MacArthur and President Manuel Quezon being evacuated from Manila to Corrigidor. American and Filipino units withdrew to Bataan to continue their defense for months.

On January 10, 1942 at dawn General Douglas MacArthur and chief of staff, Maj. Gen. Richard K. Sutherland plus their senior staff travel by PT Boat from Corregidor Island to Mariveles on the Bataan Peninsula. Next, they drove up the East Road to General George E. Parker's headquarters where they talked with II Corps officers and inspected positions in that sector. Moving west across the Pilar-Bagac road MacArthur met General Jonathan M. Wainwright and inspected I Corps installations. When Wainwright offered to show MacArthur their 155mm howitzers, MacArthur replied, "I don't want to see them. I want to hear them." That same day, a Japanese aircraft dropped a message behind U. S. lines that demanded their surrender. This eight hour inspection was Macarthur's only visit to the area.

On April 8, 1942 the Bataan peninsula was surrendered to the Japanese by Major General Edward P. King, ending the defense of Bataan.

Bataan Death March
After the surrender, the Imperial Japanese Army forced the roughly 78,000 American and Filipino Prisoners Of War (POWs) on a march roughly 100+ kilometers without food, water or medical supplies that was dubbed the "Bataan Death March" from where they surrendered on the Bataan Peninsula northward to San Fernando where they were loaded onto crowded rail road cars and transported to Camp O'Donnell (Capas) with the officers detained at Cabanatuan POW Camp.

Afterwards, the Bataan Province was occupied by Japanese forces during their occupation of the Philippines. Starting in the middle of January 1945 attacked by American bombers and fighters to neutralize defenses and prevent the Japanese from anchoring a defense in the Bataan Peninsula.

American missions against Bataan Peninsula
January 18, 1945–February 20, 1945

On January 29, 1945 the U. S. Army had advanced to the north of the Bataan Peninsula. On February 12, 1945 the 152nd Infantry advancing eastward from Olongapo and the 149th Infantry advancing westward from Balsic linked up, isolating the Japanese forces defending the Bataan Peninsula. During February 1945, the U. S. Army advanced down the eastern coast liberating Orani then advancing southward and westward with Bagac liberated on February 21, 1945 liberating the Bataan Peninsula.

Bataan Peninsula Locations
Balsic  located on the northern Bataan Peninsula.
Bulate  located on the northern Bataan Peninsula.
Culo  located on the northern Bataan Peninsula.
Orani  located at the northeast tip of Bataan Peninsula and Orani Airfield.
Abucay  located on the east of the Bataan Peninsula site of the Abucay-Morong Line during January 1942.
Pilar  located on the east of the Bataan Peninsula includes Pilar Airfield and Mt. Samat National Shrine.
Balanga  located on eastern Bataan Peninsula inland from Pilar site of General Homma headquarters.
Orion  located on the east of the Bataan Peninsula.
Limay  located on the east of the Bataan Peninsula site of U. S. Army Major General King surrender site.
Lucanin (Lokanin)  located on the southeast coast of the Bataan Peninsula includes Bataan Airfield (Limay).
Lamao  located on the southeast of Bataan Peninsula to the south of Cabcaben.
Cabcaben  located at the southern tip of the Bataan Peninsula, Cabcaben Airfield
Mariveles  located at the southern tip of the Bataan Peninsula, Mariveles Airfield and Wainright surrender site.
Mount Mariveles (Mariveles Mountain)  located in the Cogon Tarak Ridge on the Bataan Peninsula.
Mariveles Harbor  borders Mariveles on the southern tip of the Bataan Peninsula.
Bagac  located on the western coast coast of the Bataan Peninsula.
Moron  located on the western coast of the Bataan Peninsula.

Bataan Peninsula Airfields
Orani Airfield  located at Orani used during the defense of Bataan disused today.
Pilar Airfield  located at Pilar used during the defense of Bataan disused today.
Bataan Airfield (Limay)  located near Lucanin (Lokanin) used during the defense of Bataan disused today.
Cabcaben Airfield  located near Cabcaben used during the defense of Bataan disused today.
Mariveles Airfield  located at Mariveles used during the defense of Bataan disused today.
Mariveles Seaplane Base  located at Mariveles using Mariveles Harbor disused today.

References
U. S. Army in World War II - The Fall of the Philippines Chapter XII: Holding the Road to Bataan pages 203-215
U. S. Army in World War II - The Fall of the Philippines Chapter XIII: Into Bataan pages 216-231
U. S. Army in World War II - The Fall of the Philippines Chapter XIV: The End of an Era pages 238, 242, footnotes 4, 10, 26, 28
U. S. Army in World War II - The Fall of the Philippines Chapter XV: Setting the Stage pages 245-264
U. S. Army in World War II - The Fall of the Philippines Chapter XVI: The First Battle of Bataan pages 265-295
U. S. Army in World War II - Triumph in the Philippines Chapter XVII: Back to Bataan pages 309-334

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Last Updated
January 10, 2021

 

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Feb 12-21, 1945

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