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IJA April 9, 1942
Lat 14° 33' 43N Long 120° 35' 54E Limay is located at sea level on the eastern side of the Bataan Peninsula in Bataan Province of Luzon in the Philippines. Connected by the coastal road northward to Orion and southward to Cabcaben and beyond Mariveles. Borders Manila Bay to the east.
During July 1942, Limay was defended by the Philippine Army, 31st Infantry under the command of Col. John W. Irwin.
In late March 1942, during the Battle of Bataan, Limay was part of "Sector A" south of the Main Line of Resistance (MLR) spanning from Limay to Orion. To the left was provisional regiment composed of U.S. Army Air Force personnel led by Col. Irvin E. Doane. Guarding the beaches southward to the corps boundary was the 2nd Division (less the Philippine Constabulary 1st Regiment and 2nd Regiment), a company of tanks, and a battery of 75-mm guns (SPMs).
On April 9, 1942 at dawn two staff officers Col. E.C. Williams and Maj. Marshall H. Hurt, Jr. volunteered to make contact with the Japanese to deliver a letter from U.S. Army Major-General General Edward P. King to initiate surrender negotiations waving a bed sheet as a white flag of surrender. At 3:00am General King spoke to General Wainwright on Corregidor for the last time but did not mention surrendering. At 6:00am Wainwright learned that he planned to surrender from an aid and declared "Go back and tell him not to do it" but the surrender negotiations were already underway and King could not be reached by phone.
Under orders from General King, two of his staff Col. E.C. Williams and Maj. Marshall H. Hurt, Jr. volunteered to go forward to the front line at dawn with a white flag to initiate the surrender with the Japanese and deliver a letter from King and to arrange the meeting. After reading the letter, General Nagano agreed to meet General King at the Experimental Farm Station at Lamao near the front line near Limay.
At 9:00am General King departed in his last clean uniform with his entourage aboard two jeeps traveling a distance of three miles over two hours to meet with General Nagano who used an interpreter to explain that he was not authorized to make arrangement but had notified General Homma and his aid Colonel Moto Nakayama arrived and asked "You are General Wainwright?" learning he was not overall commander and only intended to surrender the forces under his control, he was told the Japanese would not accept his surrender and he must get his superior General Wainwright. During the meeting, King was able to convince him to consider his surrender proposal but Col Nakayama was only interested in accepting the surrender of all Allied forces in the Philippines. Realizing his position was hopeless General King agreed at 12:30pm to an unconditional surrender and Col Nakayama asked for his sword but he did not have it, having left it in Manila and instead he and his party surrendered their pistols. No formal surrender document was agreed or signed. For the Japanese, they interpreted the surrender of King's staff surrender as the surrender of individuals to the Japanese Army.
Afterwards, the Japanese Army 4th Division began amphibious training for the amphibious invasion of Corregidor Island off the east coast of Bataan to the north of Limay.
General King Surrender Site
Located at M. Roque Street, Lamao Plaza in Limay. On April 9, 1942 at this location U.S. Army Major-General General Edward P. King surrendered the "Battling Bastards of Bataan" to Imperial Japanese Army Colonel Moto Nakayama. A commemorative plaque at this location reads: "faced with the slaughter of over 75,000 men, King showed great courage by his decision to end the bloodbath fearing a possible court-martial for his actions."
Final Battle Site
Located on the Governor Linao Highway, west of the junction with the highway. A plaque marks the north-south trail. On April 3, 1942 this defensive position was breached by the Japanese.
U.S. Army in World War II The Fall of the Philippines Chapter II: U.S. Army Forces, Far East pages 21-22
U.S. Army in World War II The Fall of the Philippines Chapter XVIII: Trail 2 and the Pockets pages 327, 329-330, 331-332, 336
U.S. Army in World War II The Fall of the Philippines Chapter XV: Setting the Stage pages 252, 254, 257-258
U.S. Army in World War II The Fall of the Philippines Chapter XVI: The First Battle of Bataan page 290
U.S. Army in World War II The Fall of the Philippines Chapter XXI: The Battling Bastards page 380
U.S. Army in World War II The Fall of the Philippines Chapter XXIII: Preparations for Battle pages 406, 408, 414-415, 417
U.S. Army in World War II The Fall of the Philippines Chapter XXIV: The Final Japanese Offensive pages 429, 433, 437
U.S. Army in World War II The Fall of the Philippines Chapter XXV: The Disintegration of II Corps pages 448, footnote 8, footnote 20
U.S. Army in World War II The Fall of the Philippines Chapter XXV: The Disintegration of II Corps pages 454–467
U.S. Army in World War II The Fall of the Philippines Chapter XXXI: The Fall of Corregidor page 552
U.S. Army in World War II The Fall of the Philippines Chapter XXX: The Last Twenty-Seven Days page 551
Feb 12-21, 1945
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