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Negros Island is the fourth largest island in the Visayas Islands in the Philippines. Borders the Visayan Sea to the north and Cebu Island to the east. To the west is the Guimaras Strait, Guimaras Island and Panay Island. To the east is Tañon Strait (Tanon Strait) and beyond Cebu Island. Today, Negros Island is divided between two provinces and regions: Negros Occidental Province in the Western Visayas Region (Region VI) and Negros Oriental Province in the Central Visayas Region (Region VII).
During 1942 the Japanese occupied Negros during their occupation of the Philippines, occupied by the Japanese Army and developed into a major base area and developed military airfields in the northwest of Negros.
By late 1944 occupied by the 18th Army under the commanded by Lt. General Takeshi Kono with 13,500 troops, the largest concentration of soldiers in the Visayas when U. S. forces landed on Leyte on October 20, 1944. The Japanese hoped to stop or delay any further U. S. advances in the Visayas but did not have the strength, air power or naval support and opted to defend only the rugged northwestern area of Negros.
On March 29, 1945 without pre-invasion bombardment to give the element of surprise, the U. S. Army 40th Infantry Division, 503rd Parachute Regiment plus Filipino guerillas made an amphibious landing on western Negros. Their first objective was the Bago River bridge. A reinforced platoon landed ahead of the main force to prevent the Japanese from blowing this bridge, and allowed the Americans to advance toward Bacolod town. As the main landing force advanced, they were only stopped by occasional defenses, liberating Bacolod and the coastal areas in a week. Then for six weeks the Japanese fought tenaciously in the north of the island, despite heavy air attacks and artillery. This resistance was finally overrun by late April, and remaining Japanese fled to the south with isolated battles until May, and defenses in the north until June 1945, and 6,000 Japanese survived the battle until the end of the war. On April 26, 1945 the Americal Division made a landing on the south-east coast, and rapidly linked up with elements of the 40th Infantry division. But, it took a month to neutralize the 1,300 Japanese in this area of the island.
Negros Oriental Province
includes the southeastern half of the island in the Central Visayas Region.
Negros Occidental Province
Province includes the northwestern half of Negros, located in the Western Visayas Region.
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