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Pampanga Province is located in central Luzon in the Philippines. Borders Tarlac Province to the north, Nueva Ecija Province to the northeast, Bulacan Province to the east, Manila Bay to the south, Bataan Province to the southwest and the Zambales Mountains and Zambales Province to the west.
In 1899, Major General MacArthur (father of Douglas MacArthur) established his headquarters at the Pamintuan residence, near what was developed into Clark Field. This area was developed by the U. S. Army with Fort Stotsenburg and Clark Field to defend Luzon.
At the start of the Pacific War on December 8, 1941 Japanese aircraft attacked Clark Field. After the Japanese landing on northern Luzon, the first U. S. Army and Filipino defensive line was in Pampanga Province, before falling back to the Bataan Peninsula. By January 1942 occupied by the Japanese Army during their occupation of the Philippines until early 1945. During late January 1945 and early February 1945 liberated by the U. S. Army and used as a military base and airfield area until the official surrender of Japan in September 1945.
Pampanga Province Locations
Angeles located to the west of Clark Field.
Mabalacat located to the south of Clark Field.
Porac located to the south of Clark Field.
Clark Field (Clark Air Base) located in central Pampanga includes Fort Stosenberg.
Mount Arayat extinct volcano dome located in central Pampanga visible from the entire area.
San Fernando located to the south of Clark Field to the north of Manila.
Del Carmen located to the south of Clark Field to the north of Manila.
Lubao locate to the west of Floridablanca includes Lubao Airfield.
Floridablanca located in the southwest of the province includes prewar Floridablanca Airfield (Basa Air Base).
Zambales Mountains located in the western portion of the province.
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