Papua New Guinea (PNG) includes the eastern half of New Guinea plus the offshore islands of New Britain, New Ireland, Bougainville and offshore islands. To the east is the Solomon Islands. To the west is Papua Province (Provinsi Papua, Irian Jaya) in Indonesia. To the south borders the Coral Sea and Australia. The Bismarck Sea is located between New Guinea and New Britain.
During the Pacific War, Japanese occupied many areas of
the country. An estimated million Americans, 75,000 Japanese and 50,000 Australians
served there. The Papuan people were instrumental in the war, serving
on the side of both the Japanese and Allies as guides, laborers, carriers,
spotters and soldiers.
Papua New Guinea gained independence on September 16, 1975. Officially known as the Independent State of Papua New Guinea. The nation is roughly the size of California. Today, the country is divided into twenty-two provinces plus the National Capital District (NCD).
Papua New Guinea Mainland
National Capital District (NCD) includes the capital city of Port Moresby and immediate surrounding vicinity.
Province located on the southern coast of New Guinea.
Province located on the southern coast of New Guinea bordering the Gulf of Papua.
Western Province (Fly) located on the southern coast of New Guinea includes the Fly
Bay Province located at the eastern tip of New Guinea includes Milne Bay and offshore islands.
Province (Northern) located on the north coast includes Dobodura, Buna, Gona and Sanananda.
Province located on the north coast of New Guinea including Lae,
Finchafen, Tsili-Tsili and Wau.
Madang Province located on the north coast of New Guinea including Madang,
Saidor and Gusap.
East Sepik Province located on the north coast, Wewak and the Sepik River.
Sepik Province (Sandaun) located on the north coast, borders Papua Province (Irian Jaya) in Indonesia.
Papua New Guinea Highlands
Eastern Highlands Province located in the Highlands includes Goroka.
(Simbu) located in the Highlands includes Kundiawa and Mount
Highlands Province located in the Highlands includes Mount Hagen.
Enga Province (EP) located in the Highlands includes Wabag.
Southern Highlands Province (SHP) located in the Highlands includes Wabag.
Hela Province located in the Highlands previously part of Southern Highlands Province.
Jiwaka Province located in the Highlands previously part of Western Highlands Province.
Papua New Guinea Islands
New Britain Province located on New Britain Island includes Rabaul.
New Britain Province located on New Britain Island includes Cape Gloucester.
Ireland Province located on New Ireland Island and offshore islands.
Province includes the Admiralty Islands Group including Manus and Los Negros.
Autonomous Region of Bougainville (Bougainville
Province) includes Bougainville in the Northern Solomons.
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September 16, 2018