March 1943, attacked by Allied aircraft.
 
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    Nadzab (Nadzad) Morobe Province Papua New Guinea (PNG)
Location
Lat 6° 32' 60S Long 146° 41' 60E  Nadzab is located in the Markham Valley in New Guinea. Also known as "Nadzad". To the south is the Markham River and beyond to the southeast is Lae. Prewar and during the Pacific War located in the Territory of New Guinea. Today located in Morobe Province in Papua New Guinea (PNG).

Prewar
In 1910, the Germans established a Lutheran mission station at Nadzab.

Wartime History
During March 1942 the Nadzab area was occupied by the Japanese Army. The Japanese did not develop military infrastructure in the Nadzab area but patrols were conducted in the area. Starting in late March 1943 attacked by Allied bombers and fighters. Occupied by the Japanese until early September 1943.

American missions against Nadzab
March 23, 1943–September 5, 1943

On September 5, 1943 the U.S. Army 503rd Parachute Infantry Regiment (503rd PIR) with the Australian Army 2/4th Field Gun with short barrel 25 pounder guns made a paratrooper jump over Nadzab. The drop was successful and met little Japanese resistance in the area. This was the only Allied paratrooper assault on the mainland of New Guinea during World War II.

Immediately, the area was developed into a major forward airfield and later a massive airbase and staging area for future operations in the region. After the Allies occupied Nadzab, attacked by Japanese bombers and fighters targeting the airfields.

Japanese missions against Nadzab
November 6, 1943–January 16, 1944

The Nadzab airfield complex included five separate airstrips: Nadzab Airfield No. 1 in the middle, with Nadzab No. 2 to the south, closest to the Markham River. No. 3 strip was located on the northern side of the complex, while No. 4 Strip "Newton Strip" was located to the east and No. 5 Strip furthest to the north. The entire area was designated APO 713 (Nadzab).

Nadzab No. 1 Airfield (No. 1 Strip, East Base)
Two parallel runways (No. 1 & No. 2) built by the U.S. Army.

Nadzab No. 2 Airfield (No. 2 Strip, East Base)
Two parallel runways (No. 1 & No. 2) built by the U.S. Army.

Nadzab No. 3 Airfield (No. 3 Strip, Fighter Strip, Texter Field)
Single runway bordering the Erap River, furthest north in the Nadzab airfield complex.

Nadzab No. 4 Airfield (No. 4 Strip, Newton Field)
Located nearest to Nadzab north of the Markham River primarily used by the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF).

Nadzab No. 5 Airfield (No. 5 Strip)
Two parallel runways located to the north of "East Base" and No. 3 Strip to the north.

Narakapor Airfield
Prewar airfield at Narakapor Plantation.

117th Station Hospital
US Army hospital, at its height in 1944 Mayo as the chief surgeon.

A-20G "Crap Shooter" Serial Number 42-54155
Pilot Adroetti crashed October 1, 1944

A-20G Havoc Serial Number 42-86717
Pilot Campagna crashed October 1, 1944

Vultee Vengeance Serial Number A27-83
Pilot Pike force landed February 27, 1944

B-25D "How's Your Ole' Tomato" 41-30664
Pilot Finnegan crashed March 13, 1944

P-47D Thunderbolt Serial Number 42-22949
Pilot Wurtz crashed May 5, 1945

Nadzab Cemetery
During late 1943, established by the U.S. Army. Postwar burials were moved to the Philippines or United States.

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Last Updated
October 23, 2019

 

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