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    Oro Province (Northern Province)  Papua New Guinea (PNG)
Location
Oro Province is located on the northern coast of the Papuan peninsula on New Guinea. Borders Central Province to the south and west, Milne Bay Province to the southeast and Morobe Province to the northwest. Prewar and during the Pacific War located in the Territory of Papua in the Northern District (Northern Province). Today part of Papua New Guinea (PNG). Oro Province is divided into two districts: Sohe District in the northwest and Ijivitari District in the southeast. Papua New Guinea (PNG).

Wartime History
On July 21, 1942 Japanese forces landed at Gona and began their drive inland over the Kokoda Trail in the Owen Stanley Range in their unsuccessful overland attempt to reach Port Moresby. During late September 1942, Australian troops began to advance, driving the Japanese back to the beachhead coastal area where they defended their beachead areas of Buna, Gona and Sanananda. After the battle, the coastal area was developed into a major Allied base with dozens of airfields and a staging base for operations elsewhere in New Guinea.

Sohe District
Higaturu Rural  located at the center of Oro Province includes Higaturu.
Kira Rural  located at the northwest corner of Oro Province.
Kokoda Rural  includes the western portion of Oro Province includes Kokoda.
Tamata Rural  located at the north center of Oro Province includes Ioma.

Ijivitari District
Popendetta Urban  includes the Popondetta area.
Oro Bay Rural  includes Oro Bay and the north coast area to Cape Ward Hunt
Cape Nelson Rural  includes Cape Nelson and Tufi.
Afore Rural  located in the southern portion of Oro Province

Buna-Gona-Sanananda Beachhead Area
Buna  located on the north coast of New Guinea fortified beachhead battlefield and Buna Airfield.
Buna Government Station  prewar Buna Government Station.
Buna Village (Old Village)  located a mile to the west of Buna Government Station.
Holnicote Bay  located on the north coast of New Guinea bordering Gona.
Gona  located on the north coast of New Guinea, Gona battlefield liberated by the Australian Army.
Sanananda (Sanananda Point)  beachhead battlefield that concluded fighting in the area.
Huggins Road Block  located between Soputa and Sanananda near the junction of the Soputa Track.
The Triangle (Bloody Triangle)  located near Buna, nicknamed by the US Army 32nd Infantry Division.
Strip Point  located between Giropa Point and Cape Endaiadere.
Jiropa (Giropa)  prewar coconut palm plantation.
Simemi  located near Buna with Simemi Creek Bridge.
Cape Endaiadere  located to the west of Buna includes "Maggot Beach".
Hariko  located on the north coast between Cape Endaiadere and Cape Sudest.
Cape Sudest  located on the north coast south of Hariko.
Cape Killerton  beachhead battlefield first liberated by Australians.
Haddy's Village  located to the west of Gona.

Dobodura Area
Dobodura  inland village developed by the U. S. Army into a major airfield complex.
Horanda  inland village southwest of Dobodura.
Girua (Girua Blocks)  inland village near Girua Airport (Kenney Strip, Dobodura No. 7)
Ulada  inland village between Horanda and Borio.
Borio (Boru)  inland vilalge east of Horanda and northeast of Embi Lakes.
Embi Lakes  four separate freshwater lakes including Big Embi, Little Embi Lakes and East Embi.
Embi  inland village near Dobodura Airfield complex.
Higaturu  inland village today Higaturu oil palm.
Popondetta  inland village today provincial capital of Oro Province and Popondetta Airfield.
Uhita  inland village near Girua Airfield (Dobodura No. 7).
Soputa (Saputa)  inland village at the crossroads Kokoda-Sananada and Buna-Kokoda Road.
Mount Lamington (Mt. Lamington)  stratovolcano located to the southwest of Popondetta.

Oro Bay Area
Oro Bay  located on the north coast of New Guinea includes Oro Bay Airfield.
Embogo  located on the north coast to the north of Oro Bay.
Harvey Bay  located on the north coast of New Guinea to the southeast of Oro Bay.

Kokoda Area
Kokoda (Kokoda Station)  located at the northern end of the Kokoda Trail includes Kokoda Airifeld.
Yodda  located to the north of Kokoda.
Saga  located to the northwest of Kokoda.

Owen Stanley Range Oro Province Locations
Owen Stanley Range (Owen Stanley Mountains)  mountain range in the southeastern portion of New Guinea.
English Peaks  located in the Owen Stanley Range.
Mount Suckling (Goropi)  highest peak in the Goropu Mountains of the Owen Stanley Range.

Kokoda Trail (Kokoda Track) Oro Province Locations
Kokoda Trail (Kokoda Track)  walking trail spanning from Kokoda southward to Owers' Corner in Central Province.
Templeton's Crossing No. 1 (No. 1 Dump)  steepest and highest section of the Kokoda Trail.
Templeton’s Crossing No. 2 (No. 2 Dump)  steepest and highest section of the Kokoda Trail.
Eora Creek (Iora Creek)  located on the Kokoda Trail.
Etoa (aka "Lost Battlefield" "Japanese Forest Fort")  located above Eora Creeek west of the Kokoda Trail.
Alolo (Alola)  located to the northeast of Isurava.
Isurava  located on the Kokoda Trail includes Isurava War Memorial.
Deniki  located on the Kokoda Trail to the south of Kokoda.
Hoi  located on the Kokoda Trail outside of Kokoda.
Kovelo (Pitoki)  located at the start of the Kokoda Trail.
Kokoda (Kokoda Station)  located at the northern end of the Kokoda Trail includes Kokoda Airifeld.

Abuari-Kaile Trail (Abuari-Kaile Track)
Abuari-Kaile Trail  located to the east of the Kokoda Trail that merges at Isurava and Alola
Abuari  located on the Abuari Trail to the east of Alolo (Alola).
Asigari  located on the Abuari Trail
Misima  located on the Abuari Trail
Hagtawa  located on the Abuari Trail
Kaile  located on the Abuari Trail

Kapa Kapa Trail (Kapa Kapa Track) Oro Province Locations
Kapa Kapa Trail  spans northward across the Owen Stanley Range
Jaure (Jauri, Iaure, Taure)  located on the Kapa Kapa Trail.
Natunga (Natunga)  located on the Kapa Kapa Trail northeast of Jaure.
Bofu  located on the Kapa Kapa Trail north of Natunga and Jaure.

Cape Ward Hunt Area
Cape Ward Hunt  located on the north coast of New Guinea.
Deboin  located at the tip of Cape Ward Hunt.
Douglas Harbor  located on Cape Ward Hunt.
Ambasi  located on the north coast at the mouth of the Opi River.
Opi  located on the south side of the mouth of the Opi River on the north coast of New Guinea.
Opi River  mouth of the Opi River is located at Opi village on the north coast of New Guinea.
Iwaia (Iwai'ia, Iwaia Mission, Iwai'ia)  located on the north coast.
Duvira (Maimba)  prewar Anglican mission inland from the north coast.
Mambare Bay (Mamba Bay)  located on the north coast of New Guinea.
Mambare River (Mamba River)  large river that empties into Mambare Bay on the north coast of New Guinea.
Ioma  inland village along the Mambare River with Ioma Airfield.

Kumusi River Area
Kumusi River  large river that empties into the north coast of New Guinea.
Nicolette Bay  located on the north coast of New Guinea.
Wairopi  located at the Kumusi River to the east of Kokoda, Gorari and Oivi.
Asisi (Asis)  located to the southeast of Wairopi.
Awala (Awala No. 1)  located along the Kokoda Highway.
Oivi  located along the Kokoda Highway 5km from Gorari.
Gorari  located along the Kokoda Highway to the east of Kokoda.
Isoge  inland village near the north coast of New Guinea.
Kiorota  inland village to the northeast of Isivita Mission.
Isivita Mission   prewar Anglican mission established by Reverend Henry Holland.
Sangara (Sangara Blocks)  prewar Anglican mission between Popondetta and Kokoda.

Musu Area
Pongani  located near the north coast of New Guinea includes Pongani Airfield.
Dyke Ackland Bay  located on the north coast of New Guinea.
Agaiambo (Agaiambo Swamp)  large swamp area near the Yuripuri River.
Kinjaki (Kinjaki Barige)  inland village along the Korala Creek includes Kinjaki Barige Airfield.
Embessa  inland village located near the Musu River includes Embessa Airfield.
Gasari (Fasari)  inland village in the upper Musu River valley includes Abel's Field (Gasari Airfield)
Safia (Sapia)  inland village in the Safia valley with postwar Safia Airfield.

Cape Nelson Area
Cape Nelson  located on the north coast of New Guinea between Oro Bay and Milne Bay.
Tufi  located on Cape Nelson.
Wanigela (Waigela)  located on the north coast of New Guinea prewar Anglican mission and Wanigela Airfield
Collingwood Bay  located on the north coast of New Guinea bordering Wanigla.
Porlock Harbor  located on the north coast of New Guinea.
Ako (Aku)  located on the north coast of New Guinea bordering Porlock Harbor.

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Last Updated
May 28, 2020

 

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