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    Rossum (Old Rossum, Rossun) Manus Province Papua New Guinea (PNG)
Location
Lat 2° 2' 60S Long 147° 16' 0E   Rossum village is located at an elevation of 3' above sea level an inland from Lorengau on the northeast of Manus Island in the Admiralty Island Group (Admiralty Islands). Also known as Old Rossum or spelled Rossun. Prewar and during the Pacific War part of the Territory of New Guinea. Today located in Manus Province in Papua New Guinea (PNG).

Wartime History
During April 1942 the area was occupied by the Japanese and local people from Rossum were hired as guides and scouts. The locals were told by the Japanese: "The war was a fight amongst outside nations and the local people were best advised to stay in the safely of the hinterland."

After the areas was liberated in late March 1944, U. S. personnel occupied Manus and many Rossum villagers were hired to work for the Americans on Manus as laborers. For the remainder of the Pacific War, they were exposed to the United States vast industrial resources and many new technologies.

Postwar
After the war, several Cargo Cults were established on Rossum village and other locations on Manus due to the American influence.

References
U. S. Army Campaigns of World War II - Bismarck Archipelago pages 23

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Last Updated
May 27, 2020

 

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