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Scarlet Beach is located six miles north of Finschhafen. The beach is a narrow sandy beach about 900 yards long and about 40' wide. The Song River formed the northern boundary of the landing beach.
At dawn on September 22, 1943, U.S. Navy (USN) Task Force 76 (TF-76) under the command of Rear Admiral Daniel E. Barbey landed the Australian Army 20th Brigade under the command of Brigadier J. V. Windeyer at Scarlet Beach. Ashore, Japanese defensive positions opened fire from well constructed bunkers on the fringe of the jungle, causing casualties in the landing craft and among those who managed to wade ashore. The mouth of the Bumi River was also defended with heavy bunkers and barbed wire.
On September 24, 1943 the Australian Army 2/15th Battalion managed to cross the Bumi River under fire and struggled to control the mouth of the Bumi River. Wading the river under fire, the 2/15th Battalion forced a crossing on 24 September. A grim struggle for the high ground at Kakakog (Kakakogwith). Having crossed the Bumi River, the 2/15th Battalion was then confronted by a sheer cliff face and a wild tangle of jungle. Meanwhile, the 2/17th reached Finschhafen, and linked up with the 22nd Battalion of the 4th Brigade which had fought their way up the coast.
Meanwhile, the Japanese attempted to bomb the Allies and land reinforcements. On October 16, 1943, Japanese Army Air Force (JAAF) fighter and bombers attacked the beachhead area, including an air raid on October 16, 1943 by 45th Sentai Ki-48 Lily bombers escorted by 13th Sentai Ki-43 Oscars, without loss aside from one fighter that force landed returning form the mission.
During the pre dawn hours of October 17, the Japanese attempted to land reinforcements by barge. Three barges landed near the position of the US Army's 532nd Engineer Boat and Shore Regiment. Private Junior Van Noy who opened fire with his machine gun until killed at his position. For his actions, he earned the Medal of Honor (MOH) posthumously.
On the morning of October 25, there was a Japanese air raid on the Australian Army 9th Division and Brigadier Shirley Thomas William Goodwin, VX11414 was killed.
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