Vulcan is a pumice cone volcano located at the edge of Simpson Harbor and Karavia Bay. To the north is Malaguna and Rabaul. Also known as Vulcan Crater or Vulcan Volcano. The local name is Rakaia or Mount Rakaia or Rakaia Volcano.
Originally, known as Vulcan Island surrounded by Karavia Bay until an eruption connected it to the mainland. During 1937, Vulcan and Tavurvur erupted covering the Rabaul area with ash.
On January 23, 1942 after midnight the Japanese Army "South Seas Detachment" made an amphibious landing near the northern edge of Vulcan. During the Japanese occupation of Rabaul, the vicinity of Vulcan was used a a hideout for barges also described as barge stalls. Attacked by Allied aircraft during 1943-1944. Occupied by the Japanese until the official surrender of Japan in September 1945.
American missions against Vulcan
May 25, 1944–October 5, 1944
F4U-1D Corsair Serial Number NZ5415
Pilot Davies crashed January 30, 1945 near the crater of Vulcan, remains recovered postwar
During 1994, Tavurvur and Vulcan both erupted covering the Rabaul area with ash. Today, the slopes of Vulcan are covered in vegitation.
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October 23, 2019