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The Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (East Timor) is the eastern half of Timor Island at the eastern end of the Lesser Sunda Islands. It includes the Oecusse Enclave in West Timor. To the west is the international border with West Timor (Timor Barat) in East Nusa Tenggara in Indonesia. To the south is the Timor Sea and beyond Australia.
Prewar and during World War II known as Portuguese Timor, a colony of Portugal. Today known as the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (East Timor). The nation is divided into thirteen municipalities (formally districts) including the Oecusse Municipality that is also a Special Administrative Region. The national capital is Dili.
Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (East Timor) Locations
Município Dili (Dili Municipality)
Dili located on the north coast of East Timor, national capital and largest city.
Dili Harbor borders Dili on the north coast of Timor.
Taibesi located to the east of Dili on the north coast of Timor.
Atauro Island located to the north of Dili.
Município Bobonaro (Bobonaro Municipality)
Balibo located on the north coast near the border between East Timor and West Timor.
Município Lautem (Lautem Municipality)
Lautem located on the northeast coast of Timor Island.
Fuiloro located at the center of Timor Island.
Cape Chater located on the northeast coast of Timor Island.
Lore (Cape Lore) located on the southern coast of Timor Island.
Município Manatuto (Manatuto Municipality)
Município Manatuto (Manatuto Municipality) spans from the north coast to the south coast of central East Timor.
Manatuto located on the north coast, capital of Manatuto Municipality.
Oecusse Municipality and Special Administrative Region (Oecusse Enclave)
Pante Macassar (Pante Makasar) located on the north coast of Timor island and municipal capital
East Timorese chose to help the Australians and many volunteered against the Japanese. The volunteers, called "creados," helped the Australian soldiers by carrying their ammunitions and spare back packs, and cooked for them. They were the personal assistant of these soldiers, their serfs. Others were used as trackers and informers. The East Timorese helped the Australians and stuck by them to the bitter end, even well after the Australians retreated from the island. All possible contacts with East Timorese were lost. The only contact the East Timorese had with the Australians were the "I owe you" leaflets dropped from high flying Australian war planes. The Japanese retaliated. People found collaborating with the Australians were tortured, then shot, beheaded or burned. Sometimes, a whole population was massacred, leaving only the life stock for the Japanese soldiers to loot and women were taken as sex slaves.
During World War II, an estimated 45,000 East Timorese died, most for assisting the 400 Australian soldiers. On September 11, 1945 Japanese forces in East Timor
officially surrendered to the Allies.
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