43 N, Long 169 31 W Named in honor of Captain Charles J. Johnston, commanding officer of HMS Cornwallis (1801). Johnston Atoll consists of Johnson Island, Sand Island, North Island (Akau) and East Island (Hikina). More recently, two artificial islands were created by coral dredging. Located 1,328 km southwest from Honolulu,
about one-third of the way between Hawaii and the Marshall Islands.
Americans mined the atoll's guano deposits until the late 1880s. On July 29, 1926, by Executive Order, President Calvin Coolidge established Johnston Atoll as a Federal bird refuge and placed it under the control of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. On December 29, 1934 President Franklin D. Roosevelt transferred control of Johnston Atoll to the U.S. Navy to establish an air station and also to the Department of the Interior to administer the bird refuge.
Wartime NAS airfield and seaplane base
Japanese missions against Johnston
December 15, 1941 - June 1942
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October 23, 2019