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    Baker Island Minor Outlying Island United States

Baker Island is an uninhabited atoll located just north of the equator in the central Pacific Ocea at the northern end of the Phoenix Islands (Rawaki). Today, Baker Island is an unincorporated unorganized Territory of the United States of America (USA). The nearest island is Howland Island roughly 68km to the north. Located roughly halfway between Hawaii and Australia Located roughly 3,100km (1,670 nm) to the northeast is Honolulu.

Wartime History
In 1935, an attempt at colonization was begun on Meyerton, as well as on nearby Howland Island. The settlement had a population of four American civilians that were evacuated in early 1942 after the start of the Pacific War.

Wartime History
On September 1, 1943 U.S. Navy Task Group 11.2 (TG 11.2) commanded by Rear Admiral A. W. Radford aboard flagship USS Princeton CVL-23 arrived off Baker Island to occupy the island and construct Baker Airfield. During September 1-14, Baker Island was covered by carrier aircraft from the carrier's with Air Group 23 their fighter claim an H8K2 Emily shot down. Also, Navy patrol bombers from Canton patrol the area.

Baker Island Airfield (Baker Airfield)
Located on Baker Island

After the war, the island was left uninhabited. The island is now a National Wildlife Refuge managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service as an insular area under the U.S. Department of the Interior. Today, Baker Island is an unincorporated and unorganized territory of the United States of America.

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Last Updated
October 23, 2019


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