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The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is located in southeast Asia. Also known as simply Vietnam. Prewar and during the Pacific War, known as Indochina or Indo-China encompassing present day Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos. In French, known as "Indochine". Borders China to the north, Laos to the northwest, Cambodia to the southwest and Thailand across the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest. Borders the Gulf of Tonking (Tonkin Gulf, Tongking Gulf), South China Sea and Gulf of Thailand.
After the fall of France in 1940, Indochina came under the control of the Vichy French government aligned with the Axis powers. On September 3, 1941 a military agreement signed by French Governor General Jean Decoux, allowed 25,000 Japanese troops the use of northern Indochina as a staging area into China, and the use of three airfield in Indochina. On September 26, 1941, Japanese forces arrived before the signing of the Axis Triple Pact, promoting the United States to enact an embargo against Japan. During the Pacific War, although never invaded by Allied ground forces many locations were bombed by aircraft or subjected to naval attacks.
After Japan's surrender in August 1945, the French returned to their former colony, but immediately faced warfare with the Communist Viet insurgency, that led to the Vietnam War.
Officially known as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. The country is divided into 8 regions and 58 provinces plus five city municipalities: Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Da Nang, Hai Phong and Can Tho (Cần Thơ).
Hanoi (Ha Noi) city capital of Vietnam in northern Vietnam.
Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon, Sài Gòn) city former capital of the Republic of Vietnam.
Can Tho (Cần Thơ) city located in the southwest corner Vietnam.
Da Nang (Danang, Tourane) city located in center of Vietnam.
Hai Phong (Haiphong) city located in northern Vietnam bordering the Gulf of Tonking.
South Central Coast Region
Mekong Delta Region
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