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Kent Sub-Class of County Class Cruiser
590' x 630' 1" x 68.25'
8 x 8" (4 twin mounts)
4 x QF 4" single AA guns
2 x quadruple 40 mm
4 x 3 pdr guns,
2 x quadruple 21" torpedo
1 x Walrus amphibian
RAN January 3, 1942
USN August 9, 1942
Built by John Brown and Company in Clydebank, Scotland. Laid down September 9, 1925 as Kent Sub-Class of County Class Cruiser. Launched May 31, 1927 as HMAS Canberra (D33). Commissioned July 9, 1928 in the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) under the command of Captain George L. Massey, RN. Afterwards, Canberra operated in British waters for five months until the end of 1928 then departed for Australia arriving at Fremantle January 25, 1929.
In September 1931 when she made her first voyage outside of Australia to visit New Caledonia and Fiji. Canberra visited China in 1932 and 1937, and New Zealand three times. In 1934 she served as escort to Sussex during Prince Henry's visit to Australia.
Canberra performed escort duty in her home waters and the Tasman Sea. In 1940 she was involved in the unsuccessful search for the German raiders Atlantis and Pinguin.
In early 1941 Canberra was involved in the fruitless hunt for the German pocket battleship Admiral Scheer. In March, Canberra and Leander intercepted the German supply ship Coburg and the ex Norwegian tanker Ketty Brovig, which had been taken the previous month by the raider Atlantis. Canberra spent the rest of 1941 as a convoy escort in various parts of the Indian Ocean.
During December 27, 1941 to January 4, 1942 Canberra provided escort for convoy ZK.5 from Sydeny to Port Moresby. Afterwards, Canberra underwent a three month refit in Sydney.
In June 1942 she joined U.S. Navy (USN) Task Force 44 (TF-44) and participated in a sweep of the Coral Sea. During early August 1942 Canberra joined the naval force supporting the American invasion of Guadalcanal and Tulagi in the Solomon Islands.
Battle of Savo Island
On August 9, 1942 just before 1:45am at the start of the Battle of Savo Island Canberra was hit by two torpedoes and over twenty salvoes of 8" gunfire fired by the Japanese force that cut power and left the ship listing. Aboard, wounded were transferred aboard U.S. destroyers USS Patterson (DD-392) and USS Blue (DD-387).
Afterwards, USN Rear Admiral R. K. Turner ordered that if Canberra could not steam by 6:30am, she would have to be abandoned and scuttled. At 8:00am scuttled by destroyers USS Ellet (DD-398) and USS Selfridge (DD-357) that fired over 260 rounds of 5" shells and several torpedoes into her. Canberra became one of the first ships sunk into Iron Bottom Sound.
Fates of the Crew
During the Battle of Savo Island Canberra suffered 193, including Captain Frank Getting who died from his wounds. Nine officers and 65 ratings were Missing In Action (MIA). One officer (Captain Getting) and nine ratings died of wounds. The survivors were rescued by USS Buchanan (DD-484) and USS Patterson (DD-392) and transported to Noumea where they were transferred to SS President Grant then transported to Sydney.
Iron Bottom Sound
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