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  Harusame 春雨
IJN
Shiratsuyu class destroyer

1,712 Tons
103.5m x 9.9m x 3.5m
5 × 127mm guns
2 × 13 mm AA guns
8 × 24" torpedo tubes
16 × Depth charges

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USS Wahoo Jan 24, 1943

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IJN November 30, 1943

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Justin Taylan, 2006
Ship History
Built by Maizuru Naval Arsenal at Maizuru. Laid down February 3, 1935. Launched September 21, 1935. Commissioned August 26, 1937 as Harusame 春雨 ("Spring Rain" or "Spring Showers" in Japanese) under the command of Lieutenant Commander Tomita Sutezo. Assigned to Desdiv 2, Desron 4, Second Fleet

Wartime History
On November 26, 1941 departed with Desron 4 from Terashima Strait to Mako (Pescadores). On December 7, 1941 at the start of the Pacific War, departed with the Philippines invasion force bound for Vigan and supported the landings until December 11, 1941. Then joined the Lingayen invasion force on December 22, 1942 and supported the landings at Lingayen Gulf.

On January 12, 1942, joined the invasion force bound for Tarakan, then January 23 with the Balikpapan invasion force.

On February 27, 1942 joined the eastern Java invasion force bound for Java. On February 27-28, 1942 participated in the Battle of the Java Sea and attacked the Allied cruiser-destroyer group.

Afterwards, arrived a Tarakan on March 16, 1942 then to Subic Bay. Assisted in operations to secure the Philippines, including the blockade of Manila and occupation of Cebu. On April 25, Lieutenant Commander Kamiyama Masao takes command. Departed the Philippines via Mako on May 3-6 to Yokosuka and docked for repairs.

During the Battle of Midway between June 4-6, 1942 escorted Admiral Kondo's Occupation Force Main Body. Between July 16-30, 1942 with Desron 3 departed Kure via Singapore to Mergui (Burma) to the Indian Ocean and participated in raiding operations that were aborted due to the American landings at Guadalcanal. On August 8, 1942 departed Mergui via Balikpapan arriving Truk on August 21, 1942.

On August 24, 1942 participated in the Battle of the Eastern Solomons escorting Battleship Mutsu. During September 8-24, 1942 escorted Kunikawa Maru from Truk Lagoon an searched the Solomon Islands for potential seaplane base locations and on September 24-27 departed Truk to Shortland.

On October 2, 1942 served as a troop transport run from Shortland to Guadalcanal. Again on October 5 and October 8. On October 9-10 departed from Shortland to Rabaul to escort a troop convoy to Guadalcanal on October 12-16, then returned to Shortland. Made another supply run to Guadalcanal on October 17.

On October 24, 1942 departed Shortland on a mission to bombard Guadalcanal to support the Hyakutake offensive as part of No. 2 Attack Unit with Rear Admiral Tamotsu Takama's flagship Akizuki, Harusame, Murasame and Yudachi. On October 25, 1942 Yura was damaged by SBD Dauntless dive bombers. Afterwards, assisted Yudachi to rescue the survivors then scuttled her. Afterwards, the mission was cancelled the force withdrew to the northwest back to Shortland.

Briefly joined Admiral Kurita's Support Force during the Battle of Santa Cruz on October 26, then to the Shortland the same day. On November 1, Lieutenant Commander Kamiyama promoted to Commander. On November 2 and November 5 made transport runs from Shortland to Guadalcanal.

On November 11, departed Shortland and on November 12-13 participated in the First Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, escorting Admiral Abe's Bombardment Force. Claimed to heavily damaged a enemy cruiser with gunfire, then escorted heavily damaged Battleship Kirishima.

Afterwards, joined Admiral Kurita's Support Force, then to Truk on November 18. Departed from Truk to Rabaul November 20-22. Then on November 23-24 led a transport run to Lae and Salamaua, but aborted due to Allied air attacks. On November 30 departed Rabaul and assisted damaged Shiratsuyu.

On December 5-8, departed Rabaul via Kavieng to Truk. Then from December 9-14 from Truk to Yokosuka and docked for repairs.

Returning to combat, on January 5-10, 1943 escorted Asamamaru from Yokosuka to Truk. Then January 14-16 from Truk to Wewak and January 16-21 from Wewak to Kavieng and back to Wewak.

Damaged by USS Wahoo
On January 24, 1943 to the west of Kairiru Island, spotted by USS Wahoo SS-238 that fired a spread of torpedoes that missed with the destroyer avoiding the fourth. Detected, Harusame moved towards the submarine, which fired its final forward torpedo that hit the destroyer's bow at only 800 yards away. The ship's bow was blown off in the attack and beached in shallow water to avoid sinking and for emergency repairs to be made.

Afterwards, on February 17-23, towed alternately by Anatsukaze and Urakaze assisted by salvage tug Ojima to Truk and docked for emergency repairs/fitting of false bow. During May 21-30, accompanied convoy from Truk to Yokosuka, then again docked for repairs and a turret was removed and replaced by two triple 25mm anti-aircraft guns. On July 1, designated a "reserve ship" while under repair, and Commander Kamiyama was relieved, with command rotating among other officers while repairs continued. On November 5, Lieutenant Commander Tomita Toshihiko was appointed captain and on November 30, assigned to Desdiv 27, Desron 2, Second Fleet.

Repaired, Harusame escorted Irako from Yokosuka to Truk during January 4-11, 1944. During January 19 - February 15 escorted tanker convoys from Truk to Tarakan and Balikpapan and back.

During the February 17, 1944 "Operation Hailstone" US Navy air attack on Truk, suffered minor damage due to near misses and strafing, two of the crew were killed. On February 17-19, escorted Shigure from Truk to Palau, and conducted patrol and escort duties around Palau. Departed March 28 arriving at Davao on April 1.

On April 5-9, escorted a convoy including Atago, Takao, Chokai, Myoko, Haguro and Noshiro from Davao to Lingga. Then on May 11-14 escorted fleet from Lingga to Tawi Tawi. Then from May 30-31 from Tawi Tawi to Davao.

On June 2, 1944 departed as an escort for a troop transport run to Biak, but the mission was aborted when the force was detected by U. S. aircraft and diverted to Sorong arriving on June 4, 1944.

Sinking History
On June 8, 1944 departed Sorong as an escort for a troop transport and bombardment against Biak. Off the Cape of Good Hope near Manokwari, attacked by ten B-25 Mitchells from the 17th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron (17th TRS) in an action that became known as the Battle of Cape Waios.

During the attack, intense anti-aircraft fire shot down three attacking bombers: B-25D piloted by Tennille (MIA), B-25D piloted by Wood (MIA) and B-25D pilot Lind (MIA). Harusame sustained two direct bomb hits 30 miles northwest of Cape of Good Hope near Manokwari and suffered 74 killed, 11 injured, including Captain Shirahama Masashichi and sank at approximately Lat 0° 05' S Long 132° 45' E. Officially, stricken from Navy records on August 10, 1944.

Rescue
Afterwards, Shigure rescued 110 survivors including Lieutenant Commander Tomita.

References
Combined Fleet IJN Harusame: Tabular Record of Movement
USS Wahoo Report January 24, 1943

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Last Updated
June 8, 2019

 

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