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Yūgumo Class Destroyer
6 × 127mm DP guns
28 × 25mm AA guns
4 × 13mm AA guns
8 x 24" torpedo tubes
36 depth charges
Built by Fujinagata Shipyards in Osaka. Laid down December 23, 1940. Launched November 5, 1941 as Makigumo 巻雲 meaning "Cirrus Clouds" (Rolling Clouds). Completed March 14, 1942 at Maizuru with Captain Fujita Isamu in command and assigned to Desdiv 10 assigned to Desron 10, First Air Fleet on April 10.
On June 4-5 participated in the Battle of Midway, escorting Admiral Nagumo's Striking Force; assisted Hiryū, helped Kazagumo rescue survivors, then attempted to scuttle with torpedo. Her mast was damaged while alongside Hiryū.
During June 24 - July 7, escorted out of Ominato southwest of the Aleutian Islands. Afterwards, assigned to Desron 10 reassigned to Third Fleet. On August 16, 1942 departed Kure escorting the fleet to Truk.
During the Battle of the Eastern Solomons, escorted Admiral Nagumo's Striking Force. Afterwards during September escorted fleet patrolling out of Truk.
"Tokyo Express" Guadalcanal
On September 29, departed Truk for Shortland arriving October 1. On October 3, participated in a troop transport "Tokyo Express" run to Guadalcanal and returned. On October 6 made another troop transport run to Guadalcanal, and another on October 9. After returning to Shortland departs for Truk.
Battle of Santa Cruz
On October 26, 1942 participated in the Battle of Santa Cruz Islands (Battle of the South Pacific) as an escort for Admiral Abe's vanguard force. After the battle, assisted Akigumo scuttling of USS Hornet (CV-8) with torpedoes.
Afterwards on November 3-5 escorted Suzuya and Maya from Truk to Shortland. On November 10, 1942 participated in "Tokyo Express" troop transport run to Guadalcanal.
Naval Battle of Guadalcanal
On November 13-14, 1942 participated in the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal escorting Admiral Nishimura's Bombardment Force. On November 14 , 1942 assisted KAZAGUMO rescuing survivors of KINUGASA. On November 16-17, 1942 escorted Chokai from Shortland to Rabaul.
On November 22, 1942 departed Rabaul on a troop transport run to Buna then returns to Rabaul. Next on November 28, 1942 departs Rabaul with three other destroyers including Shiratsuyu on a troop transport run to Buna, escorted by six A6M Zeros. On November 29, 1942 while proceeding through the Vitiaz Strait, this convoy is spotted by B-17 Flying Fortress and was bombed by B-24 Liberators from the 90th Bombardment Group (90th BG), 319th Bombardment Squadron (319th BS). During the bombing, Makigumo suffers a near miss and is set afire causing the convoy to abort the mission.
On December 16-21, 1942 escorted Kiyozumi Maru from Rabaul to Wewak then returns to Rabaul. On December 23-29, 1942 departed Truk bound for Japan for repairs.
Following repairs, on January 9, 1943 departs Japan traveling via Truk and Rabaul to Shortland arriving January 27, 1943.
On February 1, 1943 participated in "Operation KE" the evacuation of Japanese troops from Cape Esperance on Guadalcanal. Overnight, between Cape Esperance and Savo Island, spotted by PT-124 that closed to 1,000 yards then fired three torpedoes at the destroyer. While maneuvering to avoid the torpedoes, Makigumo hit a newly laid sea mine. The explosion killed three and left two missing, seven injured and the ship sinking.
Afterwards, efforts to tow the damaged destroyer were quickly aborted. After rescuing survivors, Yugumo scuttled the damaged destroyer with torpedo into Iron Bottom Sound roughly three miles south-southwest of Savo Island at roughly Lat 9° 15' S, Long 159° 47' E.
Yugumo rescued 237 survivors including Commander Fujita.
Combined Fleet - IJN Makigumo: Tabular Record of Movement
At Close Quarters PT Boats in the United States Navy page 105
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