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  USS Hornet CV-8
USN
Yorktown Class

26,507 Tons (standard)
770' x 83' 3" x 24' 4"
Armament as built
8 × 5 in/38 cal guns
4 × quad 1.1"
24 × .50 cal MG

Armament July 1942
8 × 5 in/38 cal guns
5 × quad 1.1"
32 × 20mm cannons

Aircraft: 90 (as built)

Ship History
USS Hornet CV-8 was the seventh ship in the U. S. Navy named Hornet.

Wartime History
During early April 1942, loaded sixteen B-25 Mitchells at NAS Alameda.

On April 18, 1942 sixteen B-25 Mitchells led by Lieutenant Colonel James H Doolittle took off from USS Hornet on a bombing mission against Japan dubbed the "Doolittle Raid". The B-25s hit targets in Tokyo.

Participated in the Battle of Midway.

Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands
On October 26, 1942 during the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands, aircraft from Hornet and USS Enterprise (CV-6) severely damaged Shōkaku and Chikuma. Meanwhile, Hornet was attacked by a coordinated dive bombing and aerial torpedo attack by D3A Val and B5N Kates. During a 15-minute period, Hornet sustained three bomb hits from D3A Val dive bombers, then another bomb hit (followed by the Val crashing into the deck), plus two torpedo hits from B5N Kates and another D3A Val that crashed into the deck.

Damaged, Rear Admiral Murray ordered USS Northampton CA-26 to tow the heavily damaged Hornet while the Japanese were attacking USS Enterprise (CV-6). Later in the day while under tow at a speed of 5 knots, Hornet was attacked by another wave of B5N Kates and sustained another torpedo hit that resulted in the order to abandon ship. Captain Charles P. Mason was the last man to leave. The survivors were quickly rescued by escorting destroyers.

Sinking History
Abandoned but still afloat, USS Mustin DD-413 and USS Anderson DD-411 attempted to scuttled carrier which absorbed nine more torpedo hits and more than 400 rounds of 5" gunfire before the U. S. forces withdrew from the area as Japanese vessels approached. Afterwards, Japanese destroyers Makigumo and Akigumo fired four 24" torpedoes at her blazing hull and finally causing Hornet to sink at 1:35pm. Officially, Hornet was struck from the Naval Vessel Register on 13 January 1943.

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Last Updated
January 10, 2018

 

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