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Essex-class aircraft carrier
27,100 tons (standard)
36,380 tons (loaded)
820' x 93' x 28' 5"
Armament (as built)
4 x 5"guns
4 x 127mm guns
8 x 40mm AA
46 x 20mm AA
Built by Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co. in Newport News, VA. Laid down April 28, 1941. After the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack on against Pearl Harbor and Oahu, construction was accelerated. Launched July 31, 1942 sponsored by Mrs. Artemus L. Gates, the wife of the Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Air.
Commissioned December 31, 1942 in the United States Navy (USN) as USS Essex (CV-9). with with Captain Donald B. Duncan in command. After a shakedown cruise, Essex departed via the Panama Canal to the Pacific Ocean arriving at Pearl Harbor during May 1943.
During May 1943 departed Pearl Harbor with Task Force 16 (TF 16) on a strike against Marcus Island. On July 15, 1943 conducted training exercises with USS Independence CVL-22 and USS Yorktown.
On August 31, 1943 Essex became flagship of Task Force 14 (TF 14) on a strike against Wake Island during October 5-6, 1943.
On November 11, 1943 participated in carrier strikes against Rabaul along with USS Bunker Hill (CV-17) and USS Princeton (CVL-23).
Afterwards, joined Task Group 50.3 (TG 50.3) for strikes against the Gilbert Islands (Kiribati) to support of the invasion of Tarawa (Betio). On November 18, 1943 Essex carrier aircraft conducted dive bombing missions against Tarawa (Betio). Lost was SBD Dauntless 28608 (MIA).
On December 4, 1943 while refueling at sea she became flagship of TG 50.3 for a strike against Kwajalein. On January 24, 1944 TG 58.2 arrived at the dawn launching point for air strikes against Roi. For two days, Essex, USS Intrepid (CV-11), and USS Cabot (CVL-28) conducted carrier aircraft attacks in support of the invasion of Kwajalein-Roi until February 2, 1944.
During 1969, decommissioned for the last time. In 1975 sold for scrap and scrapped.
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