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Type B1 submarine
2,631 Tons (surfaced)
3,713 Tons (submerged)
356' 8" x 30' 6" x 16' 9"
6 x torpedo tubes
1 x 14cm deck gun
2 x 25mm Type 96 AA guns
1 x floatplane (removed)
1 x catapult (removed)
Justin Taylan 2003
On January 30, 1943 arrives at Lae to deliver 23 tons of supplies and evacuates 59. Then returns to Mambare on January 24 to deliver 13 supply drums and evacuates 39. On February 16 returns to Lae to deliver 45 tons of supplies and evacuates 90. Returns to Lae again on February 16 delivers 40 tons, 10 soldiers and evacuates 72. Afterwards, returns to Yokosuka on March 7, 1943.
On April 6, 1943 departs Yokosuka for the Aleutians. During May 29-30, 1943 conducts Unkato (cargo transporting tube) towing tests in the Inland Sea, then again during June 1943 off Iyo Nada during June. On June 15 departs Paramushir for a supply run to Kiska towing a Unkato container, but it is lost in rough seas. The sub dives to evade USN destroyers in the area, I-36 aborts her supply mission on June 21 and patrols instead. Afterwards, returns to Yokosuka for overhaul, and a radar detector is installed.
On August 31, 1943 the submarine is ordered to perform a reconnaissance of Pearl Harbor with a Yokosuka E14Y1 Glen seaplane. Tests were made in the Inland Sea.
Departs Yokosuka on September 8, arriving off Hawaii on September 19 and radar detector is used, and moves east of Hawaii to avoid detection. On October 16, launches E14Y1 Glen seaplane 120 nautical miles south of Pearl Harbor, an hour later, the seaplane returns, but is unable to be found or recovered. Returning, I-36 sites a convoy of oilers, but must break off attack due to escorting destroyers. On November 1, surfaces off Canton Island and the deck gun fires thirteen shells at the island. On November 12, returns to Truk.
On December 21, departs Truk for a supply mission to Sarmi, arriving on December 31, then returns to Rabaul, departing on January 6, 1944 and returns to Sasebo for overhaul. Resumes training on January 27 in the Inland sea for "Operation Tan".
On March 26, 1944 departs Kure on with Yokosuka E14Y1 Glen seaplane to reconnaissance the Majuro Atoll with I-16. On April 16 sites a carrier and fires six torpedoes, then dives and resurfaces 6 hours later.
On April 22, 1944 launches seaplane which performs a reconnaissance over Majuro Atoll anchorage, returning the seaplane fails to locate the submarine, and lands on the sea. The next morning it is located, crew recovered and seaplane scuttled. The mission is reported to HQ on April 23. Afterwards on April 30 attacked by a patrol plane, causing the sub to crash dive to 260' damage is only minor. Returns to Kure on May 9.
In May participates in training that is later cancelled. On May 23 performs tests with Type 4 amphibious tracked Ka-Tsu vehicles.
On June 19 departs Kure with supplies including diesel fuel, torpedoes and ammunition arriving eleven days later at Truk. On July 5, 1944 departs Truk transporting 86 passengers including Cdr Izumi Masachika arriving eleven days later at Kure. On September 1, 1944 reassigned as a Kaiten (manned torpedo carrier) and was modified with the aft deck gun removed for the Kaiten.
Kikusui Group: First Kaiten Mission
On November 20, 1944 at 12:30am I-36 surfaces north of Loosiyep Islet to allow Ensign Taichi Imanichi to board Kaiten No. 3 and Ensign Kudo Yoshihiko to board Kaiten No. 4, both lack access tubes then submerge. At 3:00am while submerged, the other two Kaiten are manned but both are stuck in their chocks and unable to be launched. Also, No. 4 developed an engine leak. At 4:15am
Kaiten No. 4 piloted by Ensign Taichi Imanichi launches roughly 9.5 miles east-southeast of Masi Islet and attacks Urushi Anchorage. At 5:45am one of the Kaitens hit USS Mississinewa AO-59 causing an explosion and fire that causes the ship to capsize and sink after 8:30am. Later, Ensign Imanichi is erroneously credited with sinking an aircraft carrier.
Kongo Group: Second Kaiten Mission
Shimbu Group: Kaiten Mission
On June 28, USS Antares (AKS-3) is sailing alone from Saipan bound for Pearl Harbor. The I-36 spots and attacks launches a kaiten piloted by Lt(j.g.) Ikebuchi Nobuo.
Antares lookouts report a periscope and wake 100 yards on her starboard quarter, goes hard right and the torpedo misses astern. Then the lookouts see a kaiten in the port wake, turning to the right. At 1331, the ship opens fire at the kaiten's periscope wake and zigzags to avoid. One of her 3-inch guns scores a hit on the kaiten and it disappears. At 1344, another periscope appears. The I-36 broaches and Antares aft 5-inch gun opens fire at her.
The USS Sproston (DD-577), steaming to the States for overhaul, is signaled by the ANTARES that she is under attack. Arriving in the vicinity, the destroyer makes sonar contact at 1,000 yards. At 500 yards a periscope is observed passing from starboard to port. The destroyer makes an unsuccessful attempt to ram the submarine. Then she drops a full pattern of depth charges. A large oil slick is later observed. She makes six more attacks with negative results.
One of the Sproston's lookouts spots a torpedo wake approaching 60 degrees off her port bow. The destroyer turns hard left and the torpedo passes along her port side. A kaiten's periscope is sighted off the port quarter. Sproston's main battery commences firing and a salvo hits the kaiten, causing a large secondary explosion. Other ships arrive to help conduct night radar coverage of the area. After more than ten depth-charge explosions, the I-36 receives a leak in the forward torpedo room. In order to escape, the sub launches two more kaitens from a depth of 200 feet to engage the destroyer, piloted by Ens Kuge Minoru and FPO1C Yanagiya Hidemasa.
The next morning, three destroyer escorts join the group. After a thorough search, all ships depart the area. The I-36's rudder is damaged in the attacks, but she slips away. On June 29 bombed on the surface and by a patrol plane and a fuel tank ruptured. On July 5, while running on the surface attacked by USS Gunnel (SS-253), but all four torpedoes miss astern. Returns to Kure on July 6.
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