Brigadier General James H. Doolittle
U.S. Army Air Force
James H. Doolittle was born in Alameda, California. Nicknamed "Jimmy". Enlisted in the U. S. Army Air Force (USAAF).
On January 2, 1942 promoted to Lieutenant Colonel and assigned to Army Air Forces Headquarters to plan the first retaliatory air raid against Japan. He volunteered for and received General Hap H. Arnold's approval to lead the top-secret raid to launch B-25 Mitchell medium bombers from an aircraft carrier for a bombing mission against Japan. The pilots and aircrafts trained for the mission at Eglin Field and Wagner Field in northwest Florida.
On April 18, 1942 Doolittle led the "Doolittle Raid" piloting B-25B Mitchell 40-2344 the aircraft number one (no. 1) of sixteen bombers that took off from USS Hornet CV-8 on a bombing mission against targets in Japan including Tokyo, Kobe, Yokohama and Nagoya. Afterwards, the bombers proceeded westward and landed, ditched or crash landed in China.
Medal of Honor
On June 9, 1942 Doolittle earned the Medal of Honor for his role in the mission. Afterwards he was promoted to the rank of General when he retired from the U. S. Army.
Medal of Honor Citation (G.O. No.: 29, 9 June 1942)
"For conspicuous leadership above the call of duty, involving personal valor and intrepidity at an extreme hazard to life. With the apparent certainty of being forced to land in enemy territory or to perish at sea, General Doolittle personally led a squadron of Army bombers, manned by volunteer crews, in a highly destructive raid on the Japanese mainland."
Doolittle passed away September 27, 1993. He was buried at Arlington National Cemetery at section 7A site 110.
General Doolittle's Report on Japanese Raid April 18, 1942
FindAGrave - Jimmy Doolittle / James Harold Doolittle (photos, grave photo)
Col Henry A Potter (photos, grave photo)
AP "WWII era bombers fly over Doolittle Raiders memorial service" April 20, 2017