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Douglas A-20 Havoc
Technical Information

Background
The A-20 Havoc was a robust aircraft, highly regarded by pilots in terms of durability, safety and ease of flight. In the Pacific, was used as a low level strafer and parafrag bomber and fly more missions than any other 5th Air Force bomber type. One of its only drawbacks was a limited fuel range worst represented by the April 16, 1944 "Black Sunday" mission when many A-20s were lost in New Guinea. The type was in service in World War II in the Pacific. Although the newer Douglas A-26 Invader had better performance and capabilities, the older A-20 remained in use by the 5th Air Force (5th AF) in the Pacific as dependable and preferred by pilots and crews.

DB-7 Export Version
The prototype Douglas DB-7 first flew in December 1938, and subsequent versions were the most produced of all American aircraft in the "attack" category. Amongst the many variants, DB-7s operated with the French and Russian Air Forces. In service with the RAAF and RAF were nicknamed "Bostons".

A-20A
In the spring of 1941, The U. S. Army Air Corps (USAAC) ordered 123 A-20As equipped with R-2600-3 radial engines plus 20 more with R-2600-11 radial engines. During October 1943 Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) No. 22 Squadron was assigned nine A-20As from the 3rd Bombardment Group (3rd BG), 89th Bombardment Squadron (89th BS) when they converted to A-20Cs. In RAAF service, these aircraft were referred to as Bostons.

P-70
Radar equipped and additional nose guns used as a night fighter.

Service with USN
In U. S. Navy (USN) service, this aircraft was designation BD-1 and BD-2.

Production
A-20 production halted in September 1944 with more than 7,000 built for the US and the Allies.

References
ADF Serials - RAAF A28 Douglas DB-7B, A-20A, A-20C & A20G Boston

Technical Details (A-20G-20-DO Havoc)
Crew  Two or Three (pilot, top turret, radio)
Engine   2 × Wright R-2600-23 Twin Cyclone 14-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engines, 1,600 hp each with three bladed propellers
Span  61' 3.5"
Length  47' 11"
Height  18' 1.5"
Maximum Speed  317 mph at 10,700'
Range  945 miles / 1,521 km / 821 nautical miles
Armament  (nose) 6 x .50 caliber machine guns, (Top Turret) 2 x .50 caliber machine guns, (Rear) 1x .50 caliber machine gun
Bomb load  4,000 pounds / 1,800 kg



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