Douglas A-20 Havoc
The A-20 Havoc was a robust aircraft, highly regarded by pilots in terms of durability, safety
and ease of flight. In the Pacific, was used as a low level strafer
and parafrag bomber and fly more missions than any other 5th Air Force bomber type. One of its only drawbacks was a limited fuel range worst represented
by the April 16, 1944 "Black Sunday" mission when many A-20s were lost in New Guinea. The type was in service in World War II in the Pacific. Although the newer Douglas A-26 Invader had better performance and capabilities, the older A-20 remained in use by the 5th Air Force (5th AF) in the Pacific as dependable and preferred by pilots and crews.
DB-7 Export Version
The prototype Douglas DB-7 first flew in December 1938,
and subsequent versions were the most produced of all American
aircraft in the "attack" category. Amongst the many
variants, DB-7s operated with the French and Russian Air Forces.
In service with the RAAF and RAF were nicknamed "Bostons".
In the spring of 1941, The U. S. Army Air Corps (USAAC) ordered 123 A-20As equipped with R-2600-3 radial engines plus 20 more with R-2600-11 radial engines. During October 1943 Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) No. 22 Squadron was assigned nine A-20As from the 3rd Bombardment Group (3rd BG), 89th Bombardment Squadron (89th BS) when they converted to A-20Cs. In RAAF service, these aircraft were referred to as Bostons.
Radar equipped and additional nose
guns used as a night fighter.
Service with USN
In U. S. Navy (USN) service, this aircraft was designation BD-1 and BD-2.
production halted in September 1944 with more than 7,000 built
for the US and the Allies.
ADF Serials - RAAF A28 Douglas DB-7B, A-20A, A-20C & A20G Boston
Technical Details (A-20G-20-DO Havoc)
Crew Two or Three (pilot, top turret, radio)
Engine 2 × Wright R-2600-23 Twin Cyclone 14-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engines, 1,600 hp each with three bladed propellers
Span 61' 3.5"
Length 47' 11"
Height 18' 1.5"
Maximum Speed 317 mph at 10,700'
Range 945 miles / 1,521 km / 821 nautical miles
Armament (nose) 6 x .50 caliber machine guns, (Top Turret) 2 x .50 caliber machine guns, (Rear) 1x .50 caliber machine gun
Bomb load 4,000 pounds / 1,800 kg