North American B-25 Mitchell
The North American Aviation (NAA) B-25 Mitchell was a versatile medium bomber. During the Pacific War, C Model to J Models saw combat service.
Made famous by their used on the April 18, 1942 "Doolittle Raid" over Japan.
The B-25C model was built at North American Aviation (NAA) in Inglewood.
The D model was built in North American in Kansas City, Kansas.
B-25D-1 Strafer Variant
During the middle of 1942 in Australia, "Pappy" Gunn pioneered the modification of the nose section of a B-25C and B-25D Mitchells into a strafer variant adding more forward firing machine guns. Initially, 3rd Bombardment Group (3rd BG) B-25s were field modified removing the crew positions in the nose to allow up to eight fixed .50 caliber
machine guns installed. Later variants had four
additional .50 caliber machine guns (two on each side) installed each side of the nose in gun packs. Later, these modifications were performed by the 4th Air Depot at Garbutt Field in Townsville. Afterwards, the strafer modifications where installed at the factory.
First model with a nose mounted 75mm cannon.
The B-25H had a nose mounted 75mm cannon in the nose that was manually loaded. A total of 1,000 were built.
B-25's in service with the U.S. Navy or U.S. Marine Corps were
known as the PBJ Mitchell. Over 700 Mitchells were delivered to the Navy and Marines, including
These were C, D, G, H and J model Mitchells. These USMC groups
were trained to drop torpedoes, which required flying with the
bomb bays open, although they never used this tactic in combat.
They also trained with “Tiny Tim” rockets, and H
models with 75mm nose cannons. Some were equipped with radar
Many Allied nations also used the B-25, in the Pacific,
the NEIAF. Some countries continuing to operate the
B-25 into the 1960s.
Crew Four to seven, depending on mission and configuration (pilot, co-pilot, engineer, bombardier, radio-gunner, gunner)
Engine 2 x Wright R-2600 radial engines driving a three bladed propeller
Span 67' 7"
Length 52' 11"
Height 15' 9"
Maximum Speed 275 mph
Range 805 km
Armament 12 x 50 caliber machine guns in turrets, flexible mounts or fixed positions.
Bomb load (normal) 3,000 pounds in an internal bomb bay