Japanese Type 90 Torpedo with Cockpit (Man Controlled Torpedo)
Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN)
The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) man controlled torpedo was a modified Type 90 61cm torpedo "Long Lance" with a streamlined cockpit atop the center to allow an operator to sit atop and control the weapon working a rudder and horizontal elevation controls built into the top. Once fired, the cockpit was above water allowing the weapon to be aimed by the operator and travel at a range of 8,000 meters at a speed of 3-6 knots. This was not a suicide weapon, the operator would swim clear once aimed or before impact. The weapon could be launched by a crew of two, with one being the operator.
Later in the Pacific War, small controlled torpedo bases were established on Falas Island in Truk Lagoon.
Crew: One (driver)
WWII Wrecks of the Truk Lagoon pages 88 (drawing)
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